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China in Global Electric Vehicle Battery Market

China is the current market leader for EV batteries in terms of volume with China producing 58% out of 108 GWh of the global lithium ion battery manufacturing for electric vehicles in 2019.

Out of the 2.2 million electric cars sold in 2019, China was responsible for 1.15 million of them.

That’s more than 50% of the electric car sales. 0.2 million CVs were sold by the Chinese OEMs. According to a recent analysis, automakers are investing $135 billion to develop EVs and EV batteries in China over the next 5 to 10 years.

Info graphic: Global EV Sales Distribution

Driving Force

 The main push is by the subsidies provided which make the price comparable to that of an ICE. Though it’ll be interesting to watch out for as the subsidies for cars with a total driving range lower than 250km is taken away and the rest of the subsidies are cut by 50%. The government looks to phase out the subsidies in the coming years though no much will change from the subsidy side in 2020.

Info Graphic: Supplier Distribution According to Vehicle Type

 

 

The Chinese government now requires all automakers who sell in China, whether domestic or foreign firms, to make a certain percentage of their sales electric, through a complex crediting formula.

 

Major Players

 

Info Graphic: Chinese EV Battery Supplier Share

Info Graphic: Top 5 manufacturers in 2019 in terms of GWh

  The Chinese market has many manufacturers both internal and external. CATL, BYD, and Guoxuan are the main internal manufacturers who supply to the Chinese OEMs. Panasonic, LG Chem, and Samsung SDI have plants in China and can supply to both Chinese and non-Chinese OEMs as the recommended battery list has been scrapped.

The Chinese manufacturers such as CATL, BYD are setting up plants throughout the globe and also establishing undertaking cell/battery pack supply for various OEMs like Volvo, Tesla, etc.

 

Non-Chinese OEMs in China and effect on the Chinese battery market

Info Graphic: Split between PHEV and BEV in passenger car sales

The Chinese market is the largest automobile market in the World in terms of volume as it sold 28.8 million units in 2018 alone.  Major OEMs generate a lot of their revenue from China alone, for example, Volkswagen sells about 40% of its output in China. The size of the market has led to multiple joint ventures by global OEMs with Chinese companies to manufacture and sell in China and also for export purposes. As OEMs look into EV platforms for the future, the battery supply, especially in the Chinese manufacturing plants, looks like it’ll be managed by Chinese battery manufacturers. The smart logistics for battery supply is to set up a battery plant near the automobile plant and for this reason, Panasonic, LG Chem, Samsung SDI are setting up plants in China.

 

Info Graphic: Table: Few upcoming plants in China for Automotive battery

 

Future of EVs in China post-subsidy cuts and its effect on the Chinese battery market

Popular OEMs have already set up plants in China and Tesla is a new addition to this with its factory in Shangai. The government subsidies helped in drawing customers to explore EVs but post-subsidy appeal, supporting infrastructure and value for money offered by the EVs will be the alluring factor to draw customers. It also helps OEMs that the global decrease in battery pricing also helps in the overall EV price decrease which means that soon Electric and ICE vehicles will be of comparable pricing. This will be a boon for battery suppliers as the public tendency can shift towards EV primarily due to lower running costs and maintenance.

 

What NOW?

Though there is a decline in EV sales post-subsidy reduction, the market looks towards EVs so does the focus of OEMs. Battery manufacturers are increasing the volume of production, improving the efficiency of their supply chains and also improving batteries in terms of energy density, safety, and cost aspects. Major Chinese cities have a growing EV supporting infrastructure and the Chinese battery manufacturers are also looking into battery recycling/reusing with BYD already opening a battery recycling plant. The future tends to favour the EV side of the balance and the battery manufacturers will need to keep up with the demand both local and global.

 

The information has been sourced from our report titled “Global Electric Vehicle Battery Market 2019-2025 Download free sample to know more

WRITTEN BY

  Rijo Joseph , Research Associate at Mobility Foresights    

 

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