AFRICA ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET
Hybrid and plug-in electric cars have the potential to reduce emissions significantly more than conventional automobiles. The benefits of HEV emissions differ depending on the vehicle model and kind of hybrid power system. When driving all-electric, EVs emit no tailpipe emissions and PHEVs emit no tailpipe emissions. The life cycle emissions of an EV or PHEV are determined by the power sources used to charge them, which vary by location.
PHEVs and EVs benefit from flexible charging. Because the electric grid is accessible to most parking lots, they may charge overnight at home, as well as at a multi-unit housing, office, or public charging station when one is available. PHEVs provide greater versatility because they can be refueled with gasoline or diesel (or, in the future, alternative fuels).
The electric propulsion system is arguably the most advanced, with some consensus that induction motors are probably the leading technology for power trains, and brushless DC or inductive alternators are probably the leading technology for serial drive hybrids. In the future, switched reluctance motors and synchronous reluctance drive topologies may become feasible.
AFRICA ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DEVELOPMENTS AND INNOVATIONS
|S No||Overview of Development||Development Detailing||Region of Development||Possible Future Outcomes|
|1||S Africa seeks to boost electric vehicle manufacturing||The South African government has launched a public consultation on how to boost domestic production of electric vehicles (EVs) and increase the country’s competitiveness in the global automotive market.||South Africa||This would enhance better EV Technologies and production|
|2||One Electric becomes first Indian EV (2W) Company to launch its Made in India Motorcycle in Africa||One Electric has started the deliveries and registrations of their flagship electric motorcycle, KRIDN, have started in Kenya, with 4 more African countries to open soon.||Africa||This would help in better presence and social responsibility on increased levels of requirements|
AFRICA ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DYNAMICS
Public transport presents the best business case for electrification. This is especially true for the bus market as it already produces buses largely for the domestic market. South Africa is an attractive manufacturing destination for lithium-ion batteries because of its existing battery manufacturing (and recycling) industry. South Africa possesses 78% of the world’s manganese. In addition, other raw materials required in the cathode are mined in Sub-Saharan Africa.
This change across the African continent is being pushed largely by governments in response to emission reduction pledges, rising urban air pollution concerns, and the ongoing volatility of the crude oil price. Governments have adopted financial and non-financial incentives to make electric vehicles an appealing purchase in order to boost uptake.
While South Africa has not yet entered the ranks of countries witnessing a rapid increase in electric car use, the country, like others, has the same emissions obligations. Energy security in the transportation industry is also appealing.
A robust electric car industry supported by local manufacture holds the possibility of economic and investment development, as well as job creation, for South Africa. The early foundations of the EV market in SA can be seen as far back as the early 1970s in response to the first oil crisis hitting SA. A number of significant competitors are vying for control of the South African EV industry. While the specific dynamics of the sector are still evolving and the timing of critical tipping points is uncertain, vehicle manufacturers and charging infrastructure firms are the most active investors in the field, with battery companies now showing relatively little engagement.
AFRICA ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SEGMENTATION
The Africa Electric Vehicle Market can be segmented into following categories for further analysis.
By Vehicle Infrastructure Type
- Two Stroke Motorcycles
By EV Battery Type
- Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt (Li-NMC)
- Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP)
- Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LCO)
- Lithium Titanate Oxide (LTO)
- Lithium Manganese Oxide (LMO)
- Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide (NCA)
By Regional Classification
- South Africa
- Republic of Congo
- Democratic Republic of Congo
RECENT MARKET TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS IN AFRICA ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET
Nowadays in Africa, there is a noticeable increase in the popularity of Electric Vehicles with increased technological interfaces. This is largely due to the increase in urban transport problems. In analyzing the development of PTWs, it is important to note the fundamental differences in their use on the entire continent of two-wheeler operations.
It is commonly acknowledged that providing charging stations in conveniently accessible places for commuters is critical to the acceptance and expansion of the electric car market. The network in South Africa presently consists of 100+ publicly accessible charging stations. The private sector has up until now been driving the roll-out of charging infrastructure in South Africa with limited support from the government. AC chargers are expected to hold a significant share of the market.
South Africa’s mining sector, particularly manganese, can supply some of the raw ingredients necessary for NMC cathode battery chemistry. SA is home to 78 percent of the world’s manganese. In addition, additional raw minerals used in the cathode are mined in Sub-Saharan Africa. This has led to the EV manufacturers to utilize a variety of different chemistries in their batteries. The three most common cathode chemistry types are lithium iron phosphate (LFP), lithium nickel cobalt aluminium oxide (NCA), and nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC).
As a leading participant in the country’s industrial sector, Africa has a very robust automobile industry. The automobile sector has been designated as a priority industry under the Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP). This is primarily due to robust government backing and long-standing policy stability, which boosts investment confidence.
Geely Motors has been part of the much-required technological implementation of EVs in the African Continent as part of the global electrification initiatives. It has recently introduced the Emgrand EV into the African Market which has varied features of operations including 400 Kilometres of operational range. It has been integrated with the Intelligent Battery Temperature Control system. The Drivetrain runs on the most advanced Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors based application.
Mazibuko is the home grown brand of EV Manufacturing in the African Region with its focus shifted on affordable Electric vehicles designed for buffer material integrity and composition requirements. The M1B will have a capacity of 500 kW, split in two motors, one at the front and one at the back. Battery power will be 120 kW/h, giving it a range of 400 km when fully charged.
- Nissan Motors
- Tesla Inc.
- Geely Motors
- Volkswagen Motors
- Toyota Automotive
- Mazibuko Motors
- Optimal Energy