GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE PCB MARKET
- Scientists have developed printable light sensors for multichannel Visible Light Communication (VLC), can be the new era for displays and touch screen.
- Boeing and Airbus have opened their assembly plant in China, which will increase the demand for PCBs in the region.
- Harwin announced Flexible Printed Circuits (FPCs) assembly for satellite, aerospace and defense application.
- China has built a low-cost PCB load cell combination board-Rigid -Flex circuit PCB.
- Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) to use PCB for better operation and accuracy.
- New laser Direct Imaging technology to solder mask at high speed to decrease production cost significantly.
- Harting to replace Flexible Circuit Boards (FCBs) with a new solution based on 3D-MID (Mechatronic Integrated Device) which will be available at lower cost than FCBs.
- Apple iPads and MacBook with mini LEDs to feature three-layered super-thin rigid PCBs.
The future of the automotive industry looks optimistic with the ongoing development of electric vehicles, self-driven cars, aerospace and what not. The evolution of the PCB industry in the automotive sector will be rising fast with the emphasis on the autonomous and electric vehicles. The printed circuit boards (PCBs) are the ones that hold together all the delicate sensors and the components that is required for the steady operation of an automotive vehicle.
In the field of automotive printed circuit boards (PCBs), reliability is utmost. They need to survive severe environmental conditions and vibrations without any delay in performance. Also, the boards are anticipated to be completely operative in the long run as well. The thermal resistance and durability make an automotive printed circuit board (PCBs) distinct from the rest.
The PCB manufacturers are obliged to be qualified with ISO/TS 16949 based on ISO 9001 automotive standards.
The table lists a few standards which can be used to aid PCB developers in guaranteeing their products are reliable for the automotive industry.
|Regulation / Standard||Description||Automotive Focus||Regulatory or Testing Body|
|AEC-Q100||Provides failure test qualifications for ICs (integrated circuits)||Component functionality and reliability||Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)|
|AEC-Q101||Provides failure test qualifications for discrete semiconductors||Component functionality and reliability||Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)|
|AEC-Q102||Provides failure test qualifications for discrete optoelectronic semiconductors||Component functionality and reliability||Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)|
|AEC-Q104||Provides failure test qualifications for multichip modules||Component functionality and reliability||Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)|
|AEC-Q200||Provides failure test qualifications for passive components||Component functionality and reliability||Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)|
|IATF 16949||Defines guidelines and requirements for automotive industry quality management systems (QMS)||Electronic product design and development||International Automotive Task Force (IATF)|
|IPC-6011||Defines generic performance specifications for PCBs||PCB design and manufacturing||IPC – Association Connecting Electronics Industries|
|IPC-6012DA||Defines tolerances and test procedures for rigid PCBs used in automotive systems||PCB design, manufacturing and testing||IPC – Association Connecting Electronics Industries|
|IPC-6013D||Defines performance specifications for flex and rigid-flex PCBs||PCB design and manufacturing||IPC – Association Connecting Electronics Industries|
|SAE J3016_201401||Defines classes for automated driving systems||Vehicle type classification||Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)|
Few areas in Automotive where PCBs are used –
- Antilock Brake Systems (ABS)
- Audio systems
- Digital displays
- Power relays
- Battery Control System
- DC/AC power converters
- Transmission sensors
- LED lighting systems
- Engine timing systems
- Electronic mirror controls
- Air Conditioner System
GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE PCB MARKET DYNAMICS
BASED ON TYPE
SINGLE LAYER PCBs
A single-layer or single-sided PCB is one that is made out of a single layer of substrate or base material. One of the sides is coated with a thin layer of metal, e.g. Copper. Once the metal base plating is applied, a protective solder mask is typically used and at last, silk-screen to spot all the elements on the board.
Since single-layer PCBs only have their various circuits and components soldered onto one side, they are easy to design and manufacture. For high-volume orders, they can be purchased at a low-cost. They are generally used for a variety of applications like calculators, radio, cameras, solid-state drives, printers and power supplies.
Double-layer/ double-sided PCBs use a thin layer of conductive metal like Copper, which is applied to both sides of the board. Holes are drilled through the board which allow circuits on one side of the board to connect to the other side.
The circuits and components of a double-sided PCB are usually connected in one of two ways: either utilizing a through-hole using small wires or with the use of a surface-mount which has many short leads soldered directly to the board. This makes space to permit the board to complete more functions, usually at higher speeds and lighter weight than a through-hole board would allow.
Instrumentation, HVAC systems, LED lighting, Automotive dashboards, Amplifiers and Vending machines.
Multi-layer PCBs consist of three or more double-layered PCBs. These boards are secured together with a specialized glue and crammed between pieces of insulation to safeguard it from excess heat which can melt any of the components.
Multi-layer PCBs come in a different size, starting from four layers to ten or twelve layers.
Complicated electrical tasks require compact and elaborate designs of PCB. Applications f multi-layer PCBs include File servers, Data storage, GPS technology, Satellite systems, Weather analysis and Medical equipment.
Apart from this Rigid PCBs, Flexible PCBs, Flex-Rigid PCBs, HDI PCBs, LED PCBs are also available in the market.
BASED ON APPLICATION
Lighting. Because of low power consumption and high levels of efficiency, LED-based lighting is becoming popular. Generally, aluminium-backed PCBs are used to make them. These PCBs serve as heat sinks and permit for higher levels of heat transfer than a standard PCB. Similar aluminium-backed PCBs are used in both high-lumen LED applications and essential lighting solutions.
Automotive and aerospace industries: Both the automotive and aerospace industries use flexible PCBs, which are designed to endure high-vibration environments. Depending on the specifications and design, they can also be very lightweight. They can adapt to tight spaces that might be present in various applications, such as inside the instrument panels or behind the instrument gauge on a dashboard.
- DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE
- UNIMICRON TECHNOLOGY
- NIPPON MEKTRON
- SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS
- MEIKO ELECTRONICS
- CHIN POON INDUSTRIAL
|2||Scope of the report|
|7||Insights from Industry stakeholders|
|8||Cost breakdown of Product by sub-components and average profit margin|
|9||Disruptive innovation in the Industry|
|10||Technology trends in the Industry|
|11||Consumer trends in the industry|
|12||Recent Production Milestones|
|13||Component Manufacturing in US, EU and China|
|14||COVID-19 impact on overall market|
|15||COVID-19 impact on Production of components|
|16||COVID-19 impact on Point of sale|
|17||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Geography, 2020-2025|
|18||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Product Type, 2020-2025|
|19||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Application, 2020-2025|
|20||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by End use, 2020-2025|
|21||Product installation rate by OEM, 2020|
|22||Incline/Decline in Average B-2-B selling price in past 5 years|
|23||Competition from substitute products|
|24||Gross margin and average profitability of suppliers|
|25||New product development in past 12 months|
|26||M&A in past 12 months|
|27||Growth strategy of leading players|
|28||Market share of vendors, 2020|
|30||Unmet needs and opportunity for new suppliers|