GLOBAL BUS ENGINE MARKET
China is world’s biggest bus engine market, followed by India and Europe. The China bus market has 25 players in total, accounting for 0.5 Million units per annum cumulatively .
The bus market in China is estimated at $10 Billion per annum. The electric bus market in China was estimated at ~78,000 units in 2020 or ~17% of the overall bus market in terms of volume, de-growing by 13% YOY.
From January to June in 2021, China sold about 16,754 units large- and medium-sized electric & fuel cell buses, down by 5.99% year on year.
BUS ENGINE MARKET SEGMENTATION
INDIA BUS ENGINE MARKET
India currently has 1.5 buses per 1,000 people, compared to six per 1,000 in China, 30 per 1,000 in Japan and 70 per 1,000 in South Korea.
- In India TATA MOTORS is largest bus Manufacturer with complete range of transit Vehicles and manufactures a variety of premium buses and Coaches. Tata Offers 12–67-seater Fully Built Buses and 4m-16m length chassis.
- Conventional Buses which run on diesel engines range from 5L to 6.7L and produce a power of 220hp to 296hp and all these Smart Buses are provided with Hydraulic power steering with adjustable steering column as Steering system.
- The engines used in these Buses are 4 Cylinder Engine and producing power ranging from 100 HP to 177HP and a torque of 450 Nm to 660Nm.
- Ashok Leyland offers buses in Intermediate Commercial Vehicle (ICV) and Medium Commercial Vehicle (MDV) Segment of market.
- Indian Bus Owners operating in the cities are preferring green technology over any other conventional fuel systems for their buses, as fuel prices are skyrocketing day by day and moreover due to increased worldwide concern over the pollution.
- Earlier this year an experiment by a bus owner in Kochi has proved to be of a major success. The decision to convert its vehicles from diesel to CNG-fitted engines have reduced their expenses, it may also be a big step towards making Kochi a greener city. Since then, this trend has been adopted by many bus owners all over the country. The country is progressing its steps for the adoption of BSVI norms in manufacturing of the buses equipped with a hybrid engine or an electric engine.
- Ashok Leyland buses are equipped with 5660 cc 6-cylinder H series CRS, iGen6 technology engine. It is powered by diesel fuel, produces a maximum power of 200 HP and a maximum torque of 700 Nm.
- Tata bus has a 5635 cc 6-cylinder Cummins B 5.6L engine. It is powered by diesel fuel, produces a maximum power of 186 HP and a maximum torque of 850 Nm. Doing the transmission duty is a 6 speed (6F+1R) gearbox.
EUROPE BUS ENGINE MARKET
There are four major Bus OEMs in Europe, Mercedes Benz, Volvo, Scania and MAN.
- Mercedes Benz employs its trusted and proven OM 936 h and OM470 Diesel engines on it`s best selling Citaro, OC 500 and Tourismo Series. The engine displacement is 7.7L for OM 936 and 10.7L for OM 470 producing peak power of 220kW and 265kW respectively.
- Volvo employs D5K, D8K, and D11k engines on its best-selling buses like B8R, B11R and B5TL.The engine displacements are 5.1L, 7.7L and 11L producing peak power of 240hp, 280 hp and 360hp
- MAN has 27 bus models in its portfolio, and they are under Lion Brand. The D 2676 LOH common Rail 6-cylinder diesel engine(12.6L) powers the intercity coaches. For city transit application D2066 LUH Euro 6 diesel/ E2876 LUH Euro 6 Gas engines are used
- The Traton Group reports significantly higher performance prior to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic across virtually all financial key performance indicators in the first half of 2021. The company recorded biggest difference in incoming orders, which far exceeded the pre-crisis level at 170,900 trucks and buses. It rose by around 42% as against the first half of 2019 (120,500 vehicles). Compared to the 87,400 orders received in the first half of 2020, this is an increase of 96%.
- Unit sales of the three brands Scania, MAN, and Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus grew by 3% to 126,500 vehicles in the period from January to June 2021 compared to the first half of 2019 (123,300 vehicles).
- Scania has just 9 bus models in its portfolio and they are powered either by a DC 9 or a DC13 series engine. The power output ranges from 280 to 410 hp for aforementioned engines .
- Dana makes a strategic investment in Switch Mobility and becomes a preferred supplier of electric drivetrain components for the company’s e-bus and EV commercial vehicle offering, providing e-Axles, gearboxes, motors, inverters, software and controls, and electronics cooling.
- Aarhus the second largest city in Denmark will be the first to put electric Solaris buses into service. Solaris Bus & Coach and Danish carrier AarBus (previous named: Busselskabet Aarhus Sporveje) have signed an agreement for the delivery of 29 electric buses: 6 Solaris Urbino 12 electric and 23 articulated Urbino 18 electric units. In accordance with the contract, the zero-emission buses will be delivered to Aarhus by mid-2022.
CHINA BUS ENGINE MARKET
Unlike India and Europe, where bus manufacturers in-source Diesel Engines, the OEMs in China rely on external engine suppliers. In the first 4 months of 2021, 159,300 units buses were sold in the country, up by 52.1% Y-o-Y. Segment wise, the sales volume of large-, medium- and light buses stood at 11,900 units, 10,900 units and 136,500 units
- Cummins and Yuchai are the leading engine providers in China bus engine market
- Yuchai`sYC4G Series and YC6J Series are most sought after by many bus manufacturers
- Cummins ISB 6.7 is second most popular engine found on multiple models of Yutong and Kinlong
- The power output of Bus engines in China ranges from 180 to 350 hp
- Weichai has come up with more ambitious goals in 2020, it aims to increase the sales of its bus engines to 40,000 units. Statistics show that 40 bus makers in China sold 143,621 units buses & coaches measuring 5 meters in length and above from January to October this year. More specifically, the sales volume of large-sized buses & coaches went down by 9.87%, standing at 54,167 units; the sales volume of medium-sized buses dropped by 4.06% year on year, standing at 45,998 units; the sales volume of light buses slides by 9.65% year on year, standing at 43,456 units.
- 211 units Zhongtong buses were shipped to Yerevan, the capital of Armenia for operation, providing greener and more convenient transportation services for local residents.
- Dongfeng Cummins developed a new engine with National VI Emission Standards B-level and a heat efficiency of 48%. The new engine entered the market in July 2021
- Dongfeng Cummins market leader in the bus engine segment in the country sold about 210,000 units in 2020 and the total sales revenue is estimated to be $1.5B
COVID-19 IMPACT ON BUS ENGINE MARKET
Buses were the most preferred mode of public transportation across the world especially in developing countries, such as India, Brazil and Mexico. As there are growing concerns over pollution, rapid population growth, urbanization, government initiatives to connect rural areas to cities and rise in stringent emission regulations. The countries planned to include a greater number of electric buses in the existing bus fleet, thereby contributing to the overall bus market growth.
Due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Governments and authorities around the globe-imposed restrictions on transport and mobility at an unprecedented scale and magnitude. Physical distancing had a significant impact on mobility behaviour and preferences. Many people switched to a transport mode that reduces the risk of infection. Many cities across the world saw that private cars, walking, and biking have gained the most share since the pandemic began, while bus ridership declined. This has resulted in low demand for the bus market.
The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the growth as the country went through strict lockdown for a long period in 2020. But the enactment of stringent emission standards across the country and upcoming launches by manufacturers drove more electric vehicle sales during the forecast period along with the gradual opening of economies. There are hopes that demand is returning to the market.
The driving factors for the market are increasing like adoption of electric vehicles and buses in order to reduce the carbon footprints and improve the air quality and investments made by several global OEMs in the country because of the availability of low-cost labours and other tax benefits offered by the government is supporting the market.
RECENT MARKET TREND
- Ford’s all-new 7.3L V8 engine and a purpose-built fuel system designed specifically for school-bus application is to be integrated in Blue Bird Vision school bus with the propane and gasoline 7.3L engine, Vision also incorporates newly engineered routing of the wiring and fuel lines, centered between the frame rails for improved quality, simplicity of maintenance and product longevity.
- Skywell received an index approval from China’s Ministry of Industry & Information Technology (MIIT) for a zero-emission public transportation bus powered by Loop Energy’s fuel cell engines in 2020.
- It has released a new model NJ6106FCEV 10.5m bus that is manufactured by the company’s subsidiary Nanjing Golden Dragon Bus Co., Ltd. The vehicle is equipped with a heavy-duty 50kW fuel cell engine and has a range of 450 kilometers (280 miles) with Loop Energy’s signature high fuel efficiency eFlow technology and can eliminate more than 100 tonnes of CO2 emitted per diesel bus annually.
- Rome-based transport company, Atac, receives 100 Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid buses. The Citaro hybrid buses have proven to reduce fuel consumption and emissions by up to 8.5%. A compact hybrid module assists the low-emissions diesel engine equipped with an electric motor which converts energy into electricity when the vehicle is coasting or braking and it also assists the combustion engine when the bus pulls away.
- Cummins introduces new transit bus engines with a full lineup of engines providing 200 to 380 hp, whether natural gas or diesel, it includes
new innovative features like Connected Diagnostics, that instantly provides key data surrounding any type of fault code inducing event to Cummins for immediate analysis. A notification based on the most probable cause is sent instantly to you via email or through the free Connected Diagnostics mobile app, so you know exactly what actions to take.
- Volvo Buses launches an all-new version of its successful Volvo 9700 DD double decker. The 4-metre Volvo 9700 DD is fitted with a Volvo D11K460 engine – that has Volvo’s 11-litre 460 hp engine certified to run on Diesel, HVO and Biodiesel (B100) and it is bodied by Carrus Delta OY of Finland.
- Eicher Trucks & Buses has launched the all-new heavy-duty Skyline Pro 6016 bus. The latest addition to Eicher’s portfolio marks the introduction of Volvo Group technology-based 5.1 litre VEDX5 engine in Eicher’s bus range. The engine delivers 210 hp power and torque of 825 Nm at 1,200 to 1,600 rpm.
- BharatBenz bus launches 6373 cc 6-cylinder OM906, SCR Technology engine, powered by diesel fuel it produces a maximum power of 235 HP and a maximum torque of 850 Nm.
While all segments of the automotive sector have been negatively impacted due to the pandemic, the passenger commercial vehicle (CV) segment experienced a washout year in India. The new report in accordance to FY21 sales data released by the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), sales of passenger medium and heavy CVs dropped 81.7% year-on-year and those of passenger light CVs dropped 73.6%, whereas the goods counterparts of these sub-segments dropped by just 16.8% and 11.5%.
- According to the latest figures released by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), UK commercial vehicle (CV) production grew to 5,808 units in June. The production increased 39.6% compared to the same month in 2020, when many plants were operating at reduced capacity because of pandemic restrictions.
- Traton Group’s sales revenue rose by 35% to €13.6 billion (H1 2020: €10.1 billion) year-on-year in the period from January to June 2021 and was thus on a level with the first half of 2019 (€13.5 billion). The recovery continued during the second quarter of 2021 and both order intake and deliveries rose sharply compared to the previous year.
- Scania delivered strong earnings with an operating margin of 13.0 percent, both in the second quarter and in the first half of 2021. Its net sales increased by 28 percent to SEK 74,776 m. (58,469) and its operating income increased by 246 percent to SEK 9,733 m. (2,813). Whereas in the second quarter of 2021, net sales increased by 54 percent to SEK 39,068 m. (25,418) and operating income increased to SEK 5,076 m. (-192).
- The unit sales in the MAN Group rose by 63% to 77,238 (previous year: 47,301) vehicles. Excluding the negative impact of the repositioning of MAN Truck & Bus, the MAN Group generated sales revenue of €6.4 billion in the first six months of 2021, €1.7 billion higher than in the prior-year period. It recorded an operating return on sales of 3.4% in the first half of the year.
- TATA MOTORS
- Ashok Leyland
- Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co. Ltd.
- Shenlong Bus
- Traton AG
- Alexander Dennis
THIS REPORT WILL ANSWER FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
- Market Size and Forecast, by geography($M)
- Opportunities and risks in Bus Engine Market
- Important technology trends and regulatory changes
- 5 key predictions for next 5 years in Bus Engine market
- Competitive landscape and market share of leading vendors
- OE-Supplier alignment in regional Bus engine market
- Market breakup by important engine components like Piston, Turbocharger, Fuel Injection System and Exhaust after-treatment