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Canada is one of the regions with the highest average price of vehicles sold. With 1.6 Million vehicles sold every year, they can handle fast electrification mainly along the Southern Provinces where 95.4% of the electric vehicles are sold currently.
In 2020, due to Covid, there was an overall decrease of 1,800 vehicles compared to 2019 in electric vehicle sales in Canada. HEVs however grew in sales in 2020 compared to 2019.
Canada has diverse weather conditions across the country mainly due to the size of the country. Canada currently has a $600 Million investment under Zero-Emission Vehicle Awareness Initiative. This will include coast to coast fast charging setups, along with subsidies upto $5000 for electric vehicle purchases as well as regular charging stations at destination spots. Canada has a progressive rate for EVs sales with 10% by 2025, 30% by 2030 and 100% by 2040; currently they are at 3.5%.
In the year 2020, the Canadian automobile industry saw a cumulative sale of 12,693 Battery Electric Vehicles which contributed to 3.34 percent of the total number of automotive sales in the country.
In the first 6 months of 2021, the automobile industry observed a steady increase in electric vehicle sales. In the month of January a total of 999 vehicles were sold which saw a steady increase to 1224 in the month of February. The sales observed a steady trend in the next 2-3 months with a total 1558, 1637 and 1593 electric vehicles sold in the months of March, April and May respectively. The sales increased to 1781 in the month of June and then observed a significant decline to 1099 vehicles being sold in the month of July by the automobile industry.
Canada announced a $170 CAD per tonne of CO2 carbon price cap by 2030 and will reach there by increments of $10-15 yearly. It is currently at $40 per tonne.
This will affect fuel prices as taxes will be paid at exploration, production, transportation, and refining with the final expense being borne by the consumer. This will cause an increase in sales of electrified vehicles as running costs will be lesser and taxation will also be at a lower rate.
In addition to this, Canada’s efforts to combat climate change scored a major victory after the country’s top court ruled that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s national carbon tax is constitutional.
Canada is investing $2.75 Billion from 2021-2026 for electrification of public transport. This is included in the $15 Billion investment in place for electrification of transport and decreasing emissions. There is an added $1.5 Billion on top of that by Canada Infrastructure Bank to develop charging infrastructure for the buses.
Canada’s public bus fleet size is 15,000 currently and the plan is to introduce 5,000 electric buses which is 33% of the overall fleet. GreenPower, Lion Electrique/Lion Electric, New Flyer ,and Nova Bus are some of the firms that will benefit from this policy
Prince Edward Island is seen to be increasing the province’s electric school bus fleet with a new order of 35 LionC school buses from neighbouring Quebec-based OEM, Lion Electric. The new electric fleet will join the island province’s 12 existing LionC school buses, which were acquired last year and began service in early 2021.
In addition, Lion Electric will provide 35 Level 2 chargers to help PEI build out its charging infrastructure network.
Halifax Transit will add 60 electric buses to its transit fleet and the estimated cost is $112 million. Manufacturing of these buses is set to begin at the transit centre next year, with 37 buses currently on their way and seven more set to arrive in 2022.
Halifax regional council last year approved a plan to buy 210 electric buses in order to electrify more than half of its fleet by 2028.
Ottawa is planning to convert its entire fleet to electric buses in 15 years. The plan includes phasing into service 450 battery electric buses by 2027, with its entire fleet — currently 939 buses — converted to electric by 2036.
There are about 6,167 EV charging points across Europe. Out of which about 1,035 are fast charging points and the rest are Level 1, 2 & 3 charging points.
EV charging infrastructure companies are hit severely by chip shortage as they are dependent on chip technology and to keep the momentum of launching public charging stations across the country.
Electrify Canada is adding 68 new charging stations across the country over the next four and half years. The brand will operate in more than 100 different locations for a total of 500 chargers across the country.
Greenlots, ChargePoint, EV Connect and FLO have enabled roaming access across their networks of 54,000 chargers in Canada and the United States. EV fleet operators and drivers are expected to benefitted from this move.
Mercedes’ Me Charge platform will give drivers of the EQS and the upcoming EQ vehicles, access to more than 4,900 public charging ports run by ChargePoint, FLO and other charging providers in Canada. It will also provide access to additional 2,400 semi-public ports on the ChargePoint network.
Canada Electric Vehicle Market is estimated at $xx Billion in 2020. The Canadian EV battery market alone is estimated at $XX Billion.
In 2020, Toyota Prius PHEV, Tesla Model 3, and Hyundai Ioniq were the top selling EVs in Canada. Chevrolet Bolt EV, Volkswagen ID4, Nissan Ariya and Ford Mustang Mach E are some of the upcoming vehicles in 2021 for the Canadian Market
The automotive sale dropped as high as 69% during the Q1 sales of 2020 with a comparatively large drop observed in the month of March. When compared to the other brands only GMC was able to observe a raise in their EV sales during this period. Statistically, the Q3 of 2020 proved to be profitable for the industry.
During this period, Zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales saw significant gains with 18,771 new vehicles registered across Canada between July and September which was more than twice the 9,069 vehicles sold in the previous quarter, consists of 67.1 percent battery electric vehicles and 32.9 percent plug-in hybrid vehicles.
The 18,771 sales reported in Q3 represents a 3.7 per cent market share of all vehicles purchased in the quarter, a significant increase from the 3.3 per cent seen in the previous quarter and the 3.5 per cent during the same period in 2019.
Montreal’s new electrification plan is valued at $885 million. The strategy includes 30 long-range, slow-charging electric public buses and an unspecified number of mid-range electric buses; upgrades to bus depots to allow for more fleet charging; adding 2,100 Bixi e-bikes; 250 electric taxis, 600 new charging stations and initiatives like giving electric vehicles priority parking in metered areas, transitioning the municipal vehicle fleet to 47% electric by 2030 and supporting business and multi-unit residential buildings to acquire charging stations.
While, in the near term, demand for EVs appears to be quite strong, the same cannot be said for their supply. The global shortage of semiconductor chips has contributed to a significant slowdown in the manufacture of electronics and motor vehicles. Electric vehicles affected include Tesla, Ford, Mercedes Benz, and Nissan. Moreover, it is uncertain how long the chip shortage will dampen vehicle production.
In 2020, 39,000 BEVs were sold and 15,000 PHEVs were sold. Tesla held the pole position followed by Hyundai, Toyota and Nissan. The market will be influenced by the new launches in the USA over the next 3 years as well as improving infrastructure for EVs. The OEM to beat will be Tesla but the market share of Tesla will decrease in 2026 compared to 2021.
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