Ricinus communis seeds, which are grown in India, Brazil, South America, Russia, the United States, China, and Mexico, are used to make castor oil.
One of the only almost pure sources of natural glyceride is castor oil, also referred to as ricinum oil. Additionally, a wide range of synthetic and natural resins, polymers, and waxes are compatible with castor oil.
Dehydrated castor oil vehicle films that have been properly prepared and baked do not crease when exposed to gas fumes. Dehydrated castor oil is widely used in the creation of industrial resins and varnishes because of these qualities. Industrial paints also contain castor oil-based polyester as a binder.
The Global Castor oil resin market accounted for $XX Billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $XX Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2023 to 2030.
Through a ring-opening etherification reaction, a series of multifunctional castor oil-based epoxy resins, including castor oil-based non-glycidyl ether (CONGE), methoxy castor oil polyglycidyl ether (MOCOGE), and allyloxy castor oil polyglycidyl ether (AOCOGE), have been developed to expand the applications of E51, a popular type of bisphenol A epoxy resin.
The flexibility, toughness, and mechanical strength of E-51 were found to be significantly improved by the addition of epoxy resins based on castor oil during studies on its curing qualities. Worldwide researchers have just started using castor oil in epoxy resins.
To create epoxy resin for a particular function, castor oil is the simplest and most straightforward way to modify epoxy resin. As an illustration, triethylamine was used as a catalyst in the reaction of castor oil and epoxy resin made of bisphenol A.
The substance was used as a coating with superior mechanical and chemical qualities. In order to create a powerful compatibilizer, combined ricinoleic acid with bisphenol A epoxy resin and then carried out an epoxidation.
To increase asphalt’s toughness, an epoxy resin and asphalt system was used. Another approach is to add an epoxy group to castor oil in order to create a castor oil-based epoxy resin. Epoxy castor oil, Al2O3, and CaCO3 nanoparticles were combined with bisphenol A epoxy resin by Park et al.
and the resulting composite material displayed heat resistance and fracture toughness. In order to improve the mechanical and thermal performance of phthalonitrile resins based on bisphenol-A, Liu and colleagues also looked into the usage of alumina nanoparticles or boron nitride as reinforcement.
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