A type of spacecraft propulsion known as an electrostatic thruster, sometimes referred to as an ion thruster or an electric propulsion system, uses electricity to ionise and accelerate propellant to produce thrust.
The fundamental idea behind electrostatic thrusters is to ionise a propellant gas—typically xenon—with a high voltage and then accelerate the resultant ions using an electric field. After that, the ions are rapidly ejected from the spaceship, creating thrust in the opposite direction.
Due to its high specific impulse, or ability to generate a lot of thrust from a small amount of propellant, electrostatic thrusters are well recognised. Unfortunately, they frequently have less thrust than conventional chemical rockets and need a lot of electricity to operate.
Global electrostatic thruster market accounted for $XX Billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $XX Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2023 to 2030.
A griddled-ion thruster developed by NASA called Evolutionary Xenon Thruster (NEXT) accelerates ions via electrostatic forces.
The NEXT engine is a form of solar electric propulsion in which the xenon propellant is accelerated to speeds of up to 90,000 mph by the electricity produced by the spacecraft’s solar panel. The NEXT engine can provide 237 mN of thrust while using only 6.9 kW of power.
A brand-new electric thruster by the name of NPT30-I2 that shoots out iodine has been successfully tested in orbit by ThrustMe. The NPT30-I2 is included in a single package that measures approximately 4 inches by 4 inches by 4 inches and weighs around 2.6 pounds.
NASA’s new X3 thruster, created by researchers at the University of Michigan in partnership with the US Air Force and NASA, set records in a recent test. The highest ionic plasma thruster to date, the X3 thruster can operate at over 100kW of power and produce 5.4 Newtons of thrust.
The Gateway launch, which is planned , will make use of electric propulsion technology. Eight tonnes will make up the overall weight of Gateway, and it will consume 60 kW of electricity.
© Copyright 2017-2023. Mobility Foresights. All Rights Reserved.