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Published– June 2021
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Global Logistics Market is roughly a $ 4.9 Trillion market. However, the automotive logistics sector is only 1-1.5% of the overall logistics market.
Europe Automotive Logistics is one of the top 2 markets in the automotive logistics segment.
In 2020, about 11.2M passenger cars were sold across Europe, making it the 3rd biggest auto market in the world after China & US.
Europe is the major exporters of passenger cars with production plants spread across Europe, especially in Western Europe
Europe is the largest Auto exporter with Germany as the largest exporter in the world. Europe is the second largest automotive producer in the world with 17.8% of total automobile production.
Europe Union auto production fell by 23.3% in 2020, as it contracted in all key EU manufacturing countries.
As Europe is leading the shift towards EVs, the supply chain needs to be more and more secure due to the risk involved in the movement of battery related products.
The United States is main destination of EU cars, with XX% in year 2020, followed by China with XX% and Turkey with XX%
Compared to previous years, the port activities in EU member states increased considerably. The leading ocean car carriers are also boosting their intra-Europe short-sea services
Between its Valenciennes Vehicle Logistics hub in France and Toton, Toyota Motor Europe (TME) has begun shipping new vehicles by cross-channel train services (UK). This launch marks the beginning of a Pan-European strategy to decarbonize its logistics operations by moving a greater proportion of cars by rail freight.
TME will initially carry automobiles annually, or 270 trains, in conjunction with its logistics partners Getlink and CAT Group. The company’s Derby facility will ship Corolla hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) to its hub in Valenciennes, and it will ship Yaris HEVs made in France to the UK.
It’s anticipated that the increased international freight traffic will reduce CO2 emissions. The programme places Toyota in the unique position of being the only automaker currently transporting new vehicles via the Channel Tunnel link.
Finished goods comprises of movement of finished automobiles from the assembly plant to dealers. This segment accounts for the majority of the revenue as evidently the cost of movement of the finished vehicle is higher and also the fact that a finished good travels to farther parts of the world increasing its ticket price.
Inbound Logistics’ path is mostly from the tier-1 & 2 suppliers to the production plants and in turn from these plants to assembly facilities. They account for 2nd largest chunk of revenue generated in the logistics part.
The spare parts logistics directly depends on car sales in the region. Thus, the share of this segment took a hit in 2020. Spare parts demand in the Europe is expected to pick up momentum in 2021 after a downturn in 2020. Various types of Filters remain the most in-demand spare parts that were transported in 2021.
Reverse logistics is a very small part of the sector. It is the movement of the vehicle from the customer to the dealer and to the company’s facilities. The revenue generated from this is almost negligible. The OEMs strive hard to avoid the return of goods to their facilities.
Although Germany witnessed ~24% drop in car production in 2020 it continued account for majority of the production and accounted for 24% of the overall Europe automobile production
Germany alone was responsible for 57 % of the EU total exports and imports. The top-5 countries approximately accounted for 83% of the EU export market. In 2020, UK exported about 750K units down by ~29% from 1.03M units.
The export of automobiles from Europe dropped by ~14% in 2020. In UK exports fell by 29% and in Germany by ~18%.
In 2020, Europe region exported about 5M car units. While US was the highest importer outside Europe region, UK was highest among the non-EU nations in terms of value
US has been the major importer of cars from Europe over the years and it is expected to follow the same trend.
Rail & road transport continue to dominate auto freight transport within the continent as it is connected with one of the world’s best railway networks and also most of the countries are landlocked.
VW Group is planning to increase the number of vehicles moved by rail in Germany to 60%
Ocean transport is estimated to have the largest share of Europe’s auto freight transport as they can transfer large quantities of volume at once. Adding to this, is the top destination of European cars US , Africa and other regions where the ocean mode is more feasible than other modes.
Air freight transport of automobiles is preferred by suppliers and manufacturers for Just in Time (JIT) manufacturing processes
The new Brexit deal that came into effect in late December in 2020 is likely to change UK’s automotive logistics relations with EU nations significantly.
Some of the instances of immediate impact of Brexit on the Europe Automotive Logistics Market were:
Finished vehicle logistics providers and their OEM clients discussed the current upheaval affecting the automotive industry and the innovative solutions they were employing to deal with it in Malaga this May at the ECG Spring Congress.
The 27th General Assembly and Spring Congress of the Association for European Vehicle Logistics (ECG) were held in Malaga, Spain. Around 85% of the finished vehicle logistics providers in Europe are represented by the organisation, and several leading experts and members from the entire industry gathered to talk about coping mechanisms in the face of unprecedented global circumstances.
The exact issues that each area of the business is currently facing were brought up at the congress by ECG members, and many of them painted a bleak picture of the logistics industry. A declining trend in anticipated investments is being caused by a general lack of trust in future volume.
Operator attitudes toward the industry are often negative. Less than 20% of respondents to the ECG’s most recent quarterly Cost and Confidence poll are hopeful about the future of their businesses. Contracts that are unfit for purpose in such quickly changing situations do not exactly promote optimism.
Nearly all of the capital of GEFCO, a leader in automotive logistics in Europe and a global authority on multimodal supply chains, is being acquired by the CMA CGM Group, a global leader in shipping and logistics. The transaction has been submitted for clearance to the competition authorities.
However, while waiting for the final approval, which will happen in the coming months, the European Commission has granted CMA CGM permission to instantly purchase the capital of GEFCO through a special procedure.
The acquisition would broaden the selection of logistical services that CEVA Logistics, a subsidiary of CMA CGM that specialises in logistics, offers to its clients, particularly in France and the rest of Europe.
The acquisition of GEFCO advances the growth strategy and enhances the country’s standing as a major player in logistics and transportation worldwide.
Following the acquisition of Ingram Micro CLS to expand its e-commerce logistics capabilities, the subsidiary CEVA will now be the global leader in automotive logistics alongside GEFCO. To serve consumers worldwide, we are developing a French leader.
It is the goal of the CMA CGM Group for GEFCO to continue operating within a safe regulatory environment and then accelerate its expansion, particularly in global markets, by utilising the Group’s industry-leading technology and logistics capabilities.
Future GEFCO will gain from CEVA Logistics’ experience and network, allowing it to grow both its business and its clientele. The purchase of GEFCO and its integration into CEVA Logistics would establish CEVA as the world’s top provider of automotive logistics and will bolster its position as a market leader in contract logistics.
With the addition of GEFCO, CEVA Logistics will be able to develop globally and solidify its position in important areas, particularly France and the rest of Europe.
The Europe Automotive Logistics market is growing at XX% CAGR from 2020 to 2026 in terms of value.
The automobile market in Europe sales dropped by 24%in 2020 and is expected to get back to its pre-COVID levels only by 2024.
Logistics providers are investing in digital supportive tools like RTTV, adapt sustainable processes in order to make supply chain more secure
XPO Logistics is the market leader in the European Automotive Logistics Market.
Top Europe based players like DHL, DSV, K+N and Ceva Logistics accounted for ~43% of the overall market in 2020.
US based companies like CH Robinson & Expeditors cumulatively accounted for XX%
XPO and K+N had the highest gross profit margin in 2020. Nippon express has witnessed low Domestic freight volume in 2020 resulting in low net income.
The operating profit margin of most of the top firms range from 3% to 7%.
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