EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET
- Europe Electric Bus Market is valued at $XX Million in 2021 and is anticipated to reach $XX Million by 2027, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2022 to 2027.
- Denmark established a target of 100% renewable primary or final energy, including electricity generation, renewable transport, and renewable heating & cooling by 2030.
- The German government has introduced a new grant policy for funding the production of electric buses. The program aims at supporting the market penetration of electric buses.
- The UK Government plans to introduce new 4,000 zero emission vehicles by 2025, and become fully electric by 2035.
- The French government announced the target of reaching 50,000 charging spots by end 2020 and 100,000 by end 2022.
- Of 14,990 new public buses registered in 2021 in the European markets (EU27 expanded with UK, Iceland etc.), 59.4 per cent are already equipped with alternative drives.
- The European electric bus market has been driven by several key factors, such as government support for electric vehicles, and increasing need to reduce greenhouse gas emission.
- Europe will be one of the main growing e-bus markets that will progress from current 7-10% to 25-50% in terms of volume in upcoming years with more demand and growth drivers.
- Average maintenance costs for a diesel bus totals $0.88/mile, whereas maintenance costs for BEBs average to $0.64/mile.
- The EU has a goal of meeting at least 32% of its final power consumption from renewable sources by 2030 and 14% of transportation energy from renewables by 2030.
- The EU Commission has approved an increase of 300 million euros in Germany’s state aid for the purchase of electric buses and charging infrastructure.
- There are different plans made by the Governments of other countries like France, Germany, The UK, etc. for transitioning the bus fleet to fully electric by 2030.
- With about 1,000 new buses sold every year, Netherlands will have the highest share yearly in terms of electric buses among all buses sold. It currently has more than 1,100 running electric buses across the country with Keolis being its largest operator.
- VDL, BYD, Solaris and Ebusco are the market leaders. ABB is the market leader for charger suppliers. The majority of the demands comes from transit operators who are looking to electrify entire fleets by 2030.
- The growth of plug-in hybrid buses has been particularly successful in the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. It has the potential to have a huge impact on the region’s e-vehicle boom.
- In 2021, fully electric powertrains represented 10% of new bus sales exceeding the same share in passenger cars, including all the types of buses.
- The 12 meter bus length is the most popular amongst the Electric buses for the City Bus commotion.
- Contemporary Amperex Technology Co Limited (CATL) and Solaris Bus have come together to merge for the LFP Batteries needed for the Electric Buses.
Bus technology continues to develop as other technologies improve; buses are constantly improving in energy efficiency, passenger comfort, and reducing air pollution. Some of these improvements in various nations have been driven by regulatory standards for urban passenger buses. More broadly, however, there seems to be heightened community awareness of the benefits of clean, comfortable buses.
All well-utilized buses, regardless of which type of powertrain (mechanisms for generating bus propulsion) is used, offer an efficient public transportation method when compared to car usage; buses are space, energy, and emissions efficient. The advantages of electric buses have been recognized in the policies being implemented in several major cities around the world.
The first argument to choose electric buses over diesel buses is that, while diesel buses are more efficient than private automobiles, they still contribute significantly to GHG emissions, which might be significantly decreased by using electric buses. As a result, several national and regional governments across the world are looking at ways to minimize GHG emissions from public transportation.
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET DEVELOPMENTS AND INNOVATIONS
|S No||Overview of Development||Development Detailing||Region of Development||Possible Future Outcomes|
|1||BYD Planning Big To Expand Electric Vehicles In Europe||BYD also launched its electric bus in Finland a couple of months ago. Recently, a fresh batch of 76 BYD e-bus arrived in the capital city of Finland, Helsinki. Before that, BYD also made its debut in Ireland with a huge order of e-bus.||EU||This would enhance better EV Adoption and better suspension technologies harnessing.|
|2||BYD delivers 76 electric buses to Nobina in Finland||Chinese manufacturer BYD has delivered 76 electric buses to public transport operator Nobina for use in the Finnish capital Helsinki. This completes the order for a total of 119 vehicles.||EU – Finland||This would help in better presence and social responsibility on increased levels of requirements|
|3||BYD, ADL partnership to supply 200 electric buses to Ireland’s NTA||The single supplier framework agreement with the NTA will run for up to five years and covers the delivery of single deck long length battery-electric buses. The first 45 buses are expected to be delivered in 2022 for services in Athlone and the Dublin Metropolitan Areas.||Ireland||This would improve its presence and production capability of new generation housing platform system|
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET DYNAMICS
Over the past decade, European Nations cities have been witnessing an increasing trend in motorization with deteriorating air quality, and there have been calls to promote public transport as a way out of this gridlock. It is in this context that electric buses can play a positive role, as there are several benefits associated with the shift from conventional diesel buses to electric buses in terms of reduction in local pollution, noise, and fuel consumption.
The ease of access and direct point-to-point connectivity provided by private modes of transport such as two wheelers and cars have resulted in an increase in the number of per capita trips and long-distance trips.
The increase in transport demand and motorization rates is much higher than the infrastructure supply. This has resulted in utilization of road space by vehicles beyond the carrying capacity, resulting in congestion during peak hours.
The European Commission has approved the investment of $3.5 Billion to support the e-vehicle battery supply chain. Furthermore, EU plans to increase e-vehicle battery output by 2025 owing to which the PHEV segment of the European electric bus market is also expected to grow at a strong rate until 2027.
The share of battery-electric transit buses increased from 14.8 per cent in 2020 to 48 per cent in 2021 and Hybrid buses, mostly mild hybrids, are still making slow progress in which registrations climbed from 19.7 to 21.8 percent (3,285 vehicles). However, buses with fuel cells made a significant leap from 47 vehicles in 2020 to a total of 158 new entries in 2021.
The electric bus market in Europe is driven by factors such as increase in demand for fuel-efficient, high-performance, and low-emission buses, and reduction in battery prices. However, high manufacturing cost & serviceability restrict the market growth to an extent.
The European Commission supported a Europe-wide electromobility initiative, Green e-mobility, worth €41.8 million ($46.9 million), in partnership with 42 partners from industry, utilities, electric vehicle manufacturers, municipalities, universities and technology & research institutions to develop public e-mobility like electric buses.
With 23,000 electric buses forecast to be in operation in 2025 (compared with around 3,282 buses currently in 2021), public transport is being electrified at a rapid pace. By 2030, Daimler Buses intends to offer zero-emission cars in all segments (both battery and hydrogen-powered)
Many operators still do not fully comprehend the electric bus fleet business case and its operational implications. As a result, they are unable to compete successfully. Furthermore, public transportation providers will be compelled to learn new abilities (such as battery maintenance upkeep) and will have to redefine themselves in order to accommodate brand-new dynamics. France, the UK, Poland, the Netherlands, and Germany together account for more than half the total number of electric buses in Europe today.
In an agreement with Keolis Nederland BV, the Dutch division of global public transportation provider Keolis, BYD has acquired the largest single order for electric buses in Europe. The historic order calls for 259 pure-electric, zero-emission BYD eBuses to be delivered on a predetermined time frame.
The agreement was struck after Keolis and BYD worked closely together to develop a demanding whole-life package that provides a complete transportation solution while also considering operational concerns and passenger comfort.
VDL’s largest fleet of 102 VDL City electric buses has been operational in Oslo since 2021, largely driven by the Norwegian capital’s goal for public transport to be emission-free by 2028.
BYD’s 8.7-meter midi bus, 12-meter, and new 13-meter eBus models will be in service for Keolis Nederland on routes throughout the IJssel-Vecht region of the Netherlands, including front-line operations in the municipalities of Zwolle, Apeldoorn, and Lelystad. BYD’s 13-meter variant features updated battery technology for increased range and ‘city-to-city’ capabilities.
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET INCENTIVES AND SUBSIDIES FOR ELECTRIC BUS FLEET OPERATORS
Different governments across Europe are taking initiatives to replace the petroleum based automotive fleet with electric powered vehicles. Different countries provide incentives and have been framing regulations to support the electric vehicle adoption by opting for green energy vehicles.
The UK government will provide 200 million GBP in funding to allow local operators to purchase zero-emission buses through the ZEBRA scheme.
The French government is planning to subsidize electric vehicle leasing. France is preparing for 100€ per month by the EV leasing scheme.
Under this funding scheme, the German government subsidises up to 80 percent of the additional costs in the purchase price for an electric bus compared to a diesel model.
Consumers in the Netherlands are entitled to a subsidy of €4,000 for the purchase of a new BEV with a list price of between €12,000 and €45,000 and a minimum range of 120 kms.
The ministry subsidizes up to 80% of the additional costs on the purchase price for an electric bus compared to diesel model, thereby increasing the sales of electric buses.
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET SEGMENTATION
The Europe Electric Bus Market can be segmented into following categories for further analysis.
By EV Type
By Bus Length
By Bus Type
- City Bus
- Intercity Bus
By Regional Classification
- United Kingdom
- Rest of the European Countries
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET RECENT LAUNCH
The new, fourth-generation SWITCH e1 bus has been unveiled by Switch Mobility Ltd, a carbon-neutral electric bus and light commercial vehicle manufacturer. The entirely electric bus is designed with the European market in mind.
The bus has ZF hub motors and a 389kWh battery capacity. Fast charging takes less than 3 hours, while A/C charging takes 7 hours. It has a 390 kilometer or so range. It is 12 meters long and can accommodate up to 93 people, with a seating capacity of 30 people.
It also gains from the industry-leading technologies offered by Switch, such as iAlert, which enables remote, real-time diagnostics and monitoring services, as well as digital battery management capabilities. The company’s new manufacturing and technological facility in Valladolid, Spain, will produce the SWITCH e1.
Through Switch, The Hinduja Group and Ashok Leyland are dedicated to delivering zero carbon mobility. Switch is committed to creating new electric buses and light cars for a range of markets and pricing points, including Europe, the United Kingdom, India, and other places, that will be released in the coming months.
At the European Mobility Expo in Paris, Van Hool will unveil its new A Series line of zero-emission public buses. Only zero-emission powertrains—battery-electric, fuel cell (hydrogen), and trolley—will be available in the Van Hool A series. There will be four different lengths (12m, 13m, 18m, and 24m), each with two to five passenger doors. The A12 12-meter e-bus model from Van Hool will attend the fair.
At the IAA Transportation in Hannover, TEMSA unveiled a new electric vehicle model. With the launch of LD SB E, Europe’s first electric coach, TEMSA aims to produce 50% of its vehicles using electric power within three years.
One of the top producers of electric buses in the world, TEMSA, has joined the select group of businesses that have five different electric bus models ready for mass production. These businesses include Sabanc Holding and PPF Group. It was one of the most well-liked vehicles at the exhibition, which was attended by more than 1,200 companies and thousands of exhibitors from 40 different countries.
TEMSA unveiled its new electric vehicle model, LD SB E, at IAA Transportation. With its high engineering quality and comfort, LD SB E will significantly expand TEMSA’s electric vehicle range.
With plans to add a hydrogen fuel cell as a range extender to its current electric city bus, the Mercedes-Benz eCitaro, Daimler envisions a more varied future for its powertrains in Europe. Thus, the battery-powered bus will have the ability to switch between an electric vehicle (EV) mode and its hydrogen fuel tank, which will continue to power its electric motor.
At this point, Daimler Buses has produced 600 eCitaro buses in two different body types: solo and articulated. With a 588-kWh battery, the current model of the eCitaro solo bus has a range of 173 miles for the solo configuration and 138 miles for the accordion model thanks to a 686-kWh battery.
RECENT TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS IN EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET
The Technology of Electric Buses has been possible from the foundations of the Private vehicle interfaces being introduced as part of a higher part of mobility solutions placed under electrification requirements.
In the most recent trend of the market in Europe, Wright speed hybrid electric powertrains are designed for use in medium to heavy weight vehicles that perform frequent stop-starts and often operate at slow speeds.
The technology has been applied to delivery trucks, garbage trucks, and buses; vehicles that often have poor fuel efficiency due to their slow speeds and stop-start operating conditions which includes the most required Public Electric Buses.
Fuel Cell Electric Buses are one of the most technologically advanced integration within the buses in the E Buses industry. More recent FCEBs use a hybrid electric powertrain which is similar to the series hybrid configuration replacing the ICE with a fuel cell. Fuel cells generally continue to be preferred due to their potential to achieve much higher energy efficiencies. Fuel cells are able to achieve higher efficiencies because of their lower operating temperatures.
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
There has been a growing competition in Europe considering their large-scale collaborative efforts with Public Private initiatives throughout the Union nations for better. Hybrid electric, fuel cell & full battery electric buses are currently being used in a number of public transport networks around the world. Different types of e- bus technology vary in terms of whether electrical energy is generated or stored onboard.
BYD E bus, designed for driver and passenger comfort with low noise and zero emissions, is the first Iron-Phosphate Battery powered electric bus in the world. It’s mature, reliable, and successful.
The driving range available from the BYD E bus is better than any other comparable buses. Battery power for the BYD ebus has been designed specifically to meet customer requirements for safety, energy density and low cost, making the BYD Iron-Phosphate Battery the battery of choice.
The energy consumption of BYD E bus is around 130kwh/100km in urban conditions, saving up to 70% of fuel costs. It has been integrated and energised with the fast-changing technology, BYD E bus can be fully recharged in around 5 hours.
The Volvo Europe Buses have been part of a large scale of mobilization. The newly introduced Volvo 7900 Electric offers ultimate charging flexibility, where energy capacity as well as charging method, time and power are parameters. It has been integrated with a VDS System of Operations, VDS means effortless maneuvering, especially in roundabouts and cornering.
Sensitive Zones requirements are analyzed alongside safe detection and analysis systems. Volvo E Bus Model 7900 can be equipped with our new Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection System, a warning system to alert the driver and unprotected road users when there is a risk of collision.
EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET COMPANIES PROFILED
- Solaris Ltd
- Karsan Automotive
- Mercedes Benz
- Van Hool
THIS EUROPE ELECTRIC BUS MARKET REPORT WILL ANSWER FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
- Europe Electric Bus Market size and Forecast, by region, by EV Type
- Average B-2-B price for Europe Electric Bus Market, by region, per user
- Technology trends and related opportunity for new Europe Electric Bus Market tech suppliers
- Europe Electric Bus Market share of leading vendors
- Road map of Electric Bus in the Fleet Operations