Published- Oct 2022
Number Of Pages -146
Bus technology continues to develop as other technologies improve; buses are constantly improving in energy efficiency, passenger comfort, and reducing air pollution.
Some of these improvements in various nations have been driven by regulatory standards for urban passenger buses. More broadly, however, there seems to be heightened community awareness of the benefits of clean, comfortable buses.
All well-utilized buses, regardless of which type of powertrain (mechanisms for generating bus propulsion) is used, offer an efficient public transportation method when compared to car usage; buses are space, energy, and emissions efficient.
The advantages of electric buses have been recognized in the policies being implemented in several major cities around the world.
The first argument to choose electric buses over diesel buses is that, while diesel buses are more efficient than private automobiles, they still contribute significantly to GHG emissions, which might be significantly decreased by using electric buses.
As a result, several national and regional governments across the world are looking at ways to minimize GHG emissions from public transportation.
Over the past decade, European Nations cities have been witnessing an increasing trend in motorization with deteriorating air quality, and there have been calls to promote public transport as a way out of this gridlock.
It is in this context that electric buses can play a positive role, as there are several benefits associated with the shift from conventional diesel buses to electric buses in terms of reduction in local pollution, noise, and fuel consumption.
The ease of access and direct point-to-point connectivity provided by private modes of transport such as two wheelers and cars have resulted in an increase in the number of per capita trips and long-distance trips.
The increase in transport demand and motorization rates is much higher than the infrastructure supply. This has resulted in utilization of road space by vehicles beyond the carrying capacity, resulting in congestion during peak hours.
The European Commission has approved the investment of $3.5 Billion to support the e-vehicle battery supply chain. Furthermore, EU plans to increase e-vehicle battery output by 2025 owing to which the PHEV segment of the European electric bus market is also expected to grow at a strong rate until 2027.
The share of battery-electric transit buses increased from 14.8 per cent in 2020 to 48 per cent in 2021 and Hybrid buses, mostly mild hybrids, are still making slow progress in which registrations climbed from 19.7 to 21.8 percent (3,285 vehicles).
However, buses with fuel cells made a significant leap from 47 vehicles in 2020 to a total of 158 new entries in 2021.
The electric bus market in Europe is driven by factors such as increase in demand for fuel-efficient, high-performance, and low-emission buses, and reduction in battery prices. However, high manufacturing cost & serviceability restrict the market growth to an extent.
The European Commission supported a Europe-wide electromobility initiative, Green e-mobility, worth €41.8 million ($46.9 million), in partnership with 42 partners from industry, utilities, electric vehicle manufacturers, municipalities, universities and technology & research institutions to develop public e-mobility like electric buses.
With 23,000 electric buses forecast to be in operation in 2025 (compared with around 3,282 buses currently in 2021), public transport is being electrified at a rapid pace. By 2030, Daimler Buses intends to offer zero-emission cars in all segments (both battery and hydrogen-powered)
Many operators still do not fully comprehend the electric bus fleet business case and its operational implications. As a result, they are unable to compete successfully.
Furthermore, public transportation providers will be compelled to learn new abilities (such as battery maintenance upkeep) and will have to redefine themselves in order to accommodate brand-new dynamics.
France, the UK, Poland, the Netherlands, and Germany together account for more than half the total number of electric buses in Europe today.
In an agreement with Keolis Nederland BV, the Dutch division of global public transportation provider Keolis, BYD has acquired the largest single order for electric buses in Europe.
The historic order calls for 259 pure-electric, zero-emission BYD eBuses to be delivered on a predetermined time frame.
The agreement was struck after Keolis and BYD worked closely together to develop a demanding whole-life package that provides a complete transportation solution while also considering operational concerns and passenger comfort.
VDL’s largest fleet of 102 VDL City electric buses has been operational in Oslo since 2021, largely driven by the Norwegian capital’s goal for public transport to be emission-free by 2028.
BYD’s 8.7-meter midi bus, 12-meter, and new 13-meter eBus models will be in service for Keolis Nederland on routes throughout the IJssel-Vecht region of the Netherlands, including front-line operations in the municipalities of Zwolle, Apeldoorn, and Lelystad. BYD’s 13-meter variant features updated battery technology for increased range and ‘city-to-city’ capabilities.
Soon, there should be a full electric Iveco bus range (the Crossway electrification plan was unveiled recently).
The objective is to create a brand-new full-electric and heavy-duty fuel cell range (including in-house production of e-axles). Iveco Group recently unveiled its business, strategy, and financial aspirations for 2026.
Domenico Nucera has been given the reins of the bus business unit. Iveco Group also declares that it has endorsed
The Climate Pledge, a commitment to achieve net zero carbon emissions that was founded by Amazon and Global Optimism. Iveco Group strategy: emphasize sustainable transportation
More specifically, the company has included a number of carbon-reduction initiatives and specific climate-related topics into the sustainability plan to address issues with climate change. Examples of goals include the creation of a bus range that is entirely electric.
A new global electric mobility flagship project. UITP announces the launch of eBRT2030, a new European Union programme aimed at promoting sustainable urban mobility by presenting innovative electric Bus Rapid Transit options.
eBRT2030, which brings together 45 partners from across the EU and beyond, aims to demonstrate the applicability of a new generation of eBRT systems in different urban settings with innovative economically sustainable solutions; the main goal is to drastically reduce emissions, pollutants, and congestion, thereby assisting the transition to sustainable zero-emission transport across Europe and the entire world.
Loop Energy, a designer and manufacturer of fuel cell systems, announced the debut of the H2Bus, an eight-meter hydrogen-electric minibus, by Mobility & Innovation Production s. r. o., which is responsible for the creation of composite lightweight, zero-emission city bus platforms.
Mobility & Innovation will exhibit the bus in Slovakia, Italy, Switzerland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, with the goal of obtaining orders for the H2Bus in markets around Europe.
Mobility & Innovation constructed the bus, which has travelled over 1,200 km, to demonstrate the potential of hydrogen fuel cell technology in transit vehicles and to sell its future product line.
The bus, which seats 21 people, is a zero-emissions option for urban transportation. A Loop Energy S300 Series hydrogen fuel cell system plus an electric motor will produce power.
Amprius Technologies and AeroVironment have collaborated to put next-generation batteries into Switchblade 300 Block 20 suicide drones, with the goal of increasing flying time by 50%.
Amprius will offer commercial-level shipments of its high-energy density lithium-ion battery cells to enable the production of the loitering munition system under the terms of the agreement. The method should increase the drone’s durability and loitering capability during deployment.
Different governments across Europe are taking initiatives to replace the petroleum based automotive fleet with electric powered vehicles.
Different countries provide incentives and have been framing regulations to support the electric vehicle adoption by opting for green energy vehicles.
The UK government will provide 200 million GBP in funding to allow local operators to purchase zero-emission buses through the ZEBRA scheme.
The French government is planning to subsidize electric vehicle leasing. France is preparing for 100€ per month by the EV leasing scheme.
Under this funding scheme, the German government subsidises up to 80 percent of the additional costs in the purchase price for an electric bus compared to a diesel model.
Consumers in the Netherlands are entitled to a subsidy of €4,000 for the purchase of a new BEV with a list price of between €12,000 and €45,000 and a minimum range of 120 kms.
The ministry subsidizes up to 80% of the additional costs on the purchase price for an electric bus compared to diesel model, thereby increasing the sales of electric buses.
The Europe Electric Bus Market can be segmented into following categories for further analysis.
The new, fourth-generation SWITCH e1 bus has been unveiled by Switch Mobility Ltd, a carbon-neutral electric bus and light commercial vehicle manufacturer. The entirely electric bus is designed with the European market in mind.
The bus has ZF hub motors and a 389kWh battery capacity. Fast charging takes less than 3 hours, while A/C charging takes 7 hours.
It has a 390 kilometer or so range. It is 12 meters long and can accommodate up to 93 people, with a seating capacity of 30 people.
It also gains from the industry-leading technologies offered by Switch, such as iAlert, which enables remote, real-time diagnostics and monitoring services, as well as digital battery management capabilities.
The company’s new manufacturing and technological facility in Valladolid, Spain, will produce the SWITCH e1.
Through Switch, The Hinduja Group and Ashok Leyland are dedicated to delivering zero carbon mobility.
Switch is committed to creating new electric buses and light cars for a range of markets and pricing points, including Europe, the United Kingdom, India, and other places, that will be released in the coming months.
At the European Mobility Expo in Paris, Van Hool will unveil its new A Series line of zero-emission public buses. Only zero-emission powertrains—battery-electric, fuel cell (hydrogen), and trolley—will be available in the Van Hool A series.
There will be four different lengths (12m, 13m, 18m, and 24m), each with two to five passenger doors. The A12 12-meter e-bus model from Van Hool will attend the fair.
At the IAA Transportation in Hannover, TEMSA unveiled a new electric vehicle model. With the launch of LD SB E, Europe’s first electric coach, TEMSA aims to produce 50% of its vehicles using electric power within three years.
One of the top producers of electric buses in the world, TEMSA, has joined the select group of businesses that have five different electric bus models ready for mass production.
These businesses include Sabanc Holding and PPF Group. It was one of the most well-liked vehicles at the exhibition, which was attended by more than 1,200 companies and thousands of exhibitors from 40 different countries.
TEMSA unveiled its new electric vehicle model, LD SB E, at IAA Transportation. With its high engineering quality and comfort, LD SB E will significantly expand TEMSA’s electric vehicle range.
With plans to add a hydrogen fuel cell as a range extender to its current electric city bus, the Mercedes-Benz eCitaro, Daimler envisions a more varied future for its powertrains in Europe.
Thus, the battery-powered bus will have the ability to switch between an electric vehicle (EV) mode and its hydrogen fuel tank, which will continue to power its electric motor.
At this point, Daimler Buses has produced 600 eCitaro buses in two different body types: solo and articulated. With a 588-kWh battery, the current model of the eCitaro solo bus has a range of 173 miles for the solo configuration and 138 miles for the accordion model thanks to a 686-kWh battery.
The Technology of Electric Buses has been possible from the foundations of the Private vehicle interfaces being introduced as part of a higher part of mobility solutions placed under electrification requirements.
In the most recent trend of the market in Europe, Wright speed hybrid electric powertrains are designed for use in medium to heavy weight vehicles that perform frequent stop-starts and often operate at slow speeds.
The technology has been applied to delivery trucks, garbage trucks, and buses; vehicles that often have poor fuel efficiency due to their slow speeds and stop-start operating conditions which includes the most required Public Electric Buses.
Fuel Cell Electric Buses are one of the most technologically advanced integration within the buses in the E Buses industry. More recent FCEBs use a hybrid electric powertrain which is similar to the series hybrid configuration replacing the ICE with a fuel cell.
Fuel cells generally continue to be preferred due to their potential to achieve much higher energy efficiencies. Fuel cells are able to achieve higher efficiencies because of their lower operating temperatures.
Cities are rapidly abandoning fossil fuels, usually beginning with their own fleets of public transportation, and they urgently need more zero-emission buses. Bus manufacturers are responding, with Daimler and MAN promising that all of their new urban buses will be zero emission vehicles.
In the coming years, European cities will demand that all new urban buses be zero emissions, if demand maintains its current rate of growth. An EU law that mandates bus manufacturers to only produce zero emission buses would match demand perfectly.
The European Commission will present a plan to reduce emissions from both new trucks and buses later this year. Buses can be aligned with the Green Deal’s goals using this tool, which will also increase the supply of vehicles with significantly lower emissions and air pollution.
T&E is in favour of a 100% sales goal for urban buses with zero emissions. Thus, Europe would be in a position similar to California, where all new urban buses are required to be zero emission.
Volkswagen introduced an electric bus for Europe. By revealing detailed plans for the comeback of the VW bus with the all-electric ID Buzz with long wheelbase, Volkswagen AG kicked things into high gear.
The enormous luggage compartment and seating for up to seven people make the ID.
Buzz is one of the most roomy electric vehicles in the world, according to the German automaker. The big ID. Buzz is ready for debut in North America with a length of 4,962 mm and up to seven seats.
It is also broadening the scope of potential uses throughout Europe at the same time. The VW bus has stood for a particular way of thinking about life for many years in the US, Canada, and Europe.
This emblem of liberation has a genetic legacy to its ID. Buzz. It is crucial to us that they can now provide the public with an all-electric new edition including the ID.
Buzz in a recognisable style. The sizable ID. Buzz can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in only 7.9 seconds.
But that’s not all; there’s also a 250 kW all-wheel drive variant (GTX). The long ID. Buzz will make its European debut at the annual VW Bus Festival in Hanover, Germany.
A head-up display, an improved next-generation infotainment system, and remote parking via smartphone are among the additional new features of the huge electric VW Bus
While everything is going on, a newly created high-tech panoramic sunroof with smart glass puts to mind the fabled Samba Bus of the 1950s. It is Volkswagen’s largest glass roof to date, at 1.5 square metres.
It’s interesting to note that the voice assistant or touch slider can convert the smart glass from transparent to opaque and vice versa. The seats in the North American variants will also be air-conditioned.
All ID. Buzz vehicles will be made at the main Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles plant in Hanover, just like the Multivan and the Bulli T6.1. The VW Bus series is produced at one of the most modern car factories in the world here.
Europe’s Zalaegerszeg has recently begun using eleven 12-metre BYD electric buses. More than 55,000 locals will have access to comfortable, green transport choices thanks to these BYD electric buses.
Due to the Mobility Volánbusz Kft-provided charging infrastructure, these new electric buses—which will take the place of 11 original ones—will be usable on practically all bus lines in Zalaegerszeg.
These BYD electric buses in Zalaegerszeg come with a variety of contemporary amenities to improve passenger safety and comfort, including air conditioning, wheelchair accessibility, computerised passenger information systems, and onboard cameras.
Less than two and a half hours per day are needed to fully recharge the buses thanks to its effective charging mechanism.
These electric buses have a maximum range of 300 kilometres on a single charge, depending on many factors.
This is an important development for BYD as well as Zalaegerszeg, HUMDA, and Volánbusz, as the city will be added to the list of locales that may learn about and utilise electromobility and our company’s market-leading electric bus in regular traffic.
The longest experience running e-buses belongs to BYD, a leader in electric public transportation. To the delight of the people of Zalaegerszeg, I have no doubt that our buses will continue to offer high-quality and environmentally friendly solutions.
The first eBus produced in tandem by BYD and Castrosua was introduced in Spain. The BYD-Castrosua eBus, according to BYD, is powered by sophisticated BYD chassis technology that was developed as a result of BYD’s extensive experience in the development of electric buses. More than 90,000 eBuses have been sold by BYD globally.
According to BYD, there are 4,200 BYD eBuses in Europe that are either in service or are on order. These buses have logged 2.35 billion kilometres, representing the equivalent of 250,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions, and they are travelling 2.35 billion kilometres.
Being able to access electric transportation alternatives is made possible by electric buses, which is quite cool. Emissions from the transportation sector will be drastically reduced by hastening the deployment of electric vehicles in the mass transit sector.
BYD claims it is dedicated to cooperating with important partners in Europe to effectively service clients in all regions and it continues to look for new strategic alliances. They will be able to cut these emissions more quickly with the aid of these types of strategic alliances.
They are excited to share some of the most recent eBus developments with delegates attending UITP. The collaboration with Castrosua is particularly exciting and highlights their dedication to delivering premium bespoke products that are well-suited to certain markets.
With the certainty of BYD’s cutting-edge chassis technology and the adaptability of Castrosua Nelec’s body, the partnership offers clients additional choice in eBus specification to make the switch to zero-emission buses even more enticing.
In order to provide high standards of regional sales and service support, as well as customised solutions for local customers, BYD firmly believes in strategic localised collaborations and continues to grow connections with important partners.
A high-performance car seat known for its remarkable fusion of support, comfort, and racing-inspired styling is the Cobra Daytona. The Daytona type is made by Cobra Seats, a well-known company in the automobile seating industry, and it has a reputation for having creative engineering and excellent ergonomics.
The ergonomic design of the Cobra Daytona, which appeals to both regular drivers and race aficionados, lies at the heart of its popularity. The seat’s curves are created to accommodate the human body and are painstakingly crafted with great attention to detail.
This ensures that the seat fits snugly but comfortably. This design philosophy improves driving comfort during lengthy trips while also reducing driver weariness, which is important in motorsports where split-second decisions can make or break a race. The Cobra Daytona was designed with performance in mind and boasts lightweight construction using cutting-edge materials like carbon fiber and reinforced plastics.
This improves the vehicle’s handling and acceleration while also extending the lifespan of the seat and lowering the vehicle’s overall weight. In racing, where every pound saved can translate to improved on-track performance, the lightweight design is particularly crucial. Another feature of the Daytona is the bolstering system, which is intended to safely cradle the driver during challenging maneuvers and corners.
This function is essential in racing situations because it keeps the driver seated securely and aids in maintaining the best possible vehicle control. However, because it is unnoticeable during ordinary travels, the vigorous bolstering doesn’t compromise comfort while driving.
The Cobra Daytona epitomizes racing history in terms of appearance. Even when the car is not moving, the stitching, curved edges, and sleek lines conjure a sense of speed. The seat captures the spirit of motorsport inside the limits of a road automobile thanks to the perfect integration of its aesthetic appeal and functional design.
An elegant car seat that perfectly balances performance and luxury is the Bride Vios III. The Vios III type, created by Bride, a well-known name in racing seats, is a harmonious synthesis of ergonomic design, great comfort, and race-inspired aesthetics. The Vios III has been designed with increased driving experiences in mind for both motorsport aficionados and regular drivers.
By supporting the driver during high-speed maneuvers and reducing tiredness throughout long trips, its finely sculpted structure offers unmatched support. With no sacrifice to comfort, the seat’s bolstering system guarantees a secure fit.
The Bride Vios III is made with premium materials with a focus on performance and longevity. By decreasing weight and boosting handling, the fusion of lightweight materials and cutting-edge craftsmanship improves vehicle dynamics.
With its elegant embellishments and detailed stitching, the seat’s design pays homage to its racing heritage and conveys a sense of motion even when it is not moving.
The Bride Vios III is more than just a car seat; it’s a symbol of Bride’s dedication to performance and innovation. The Vios III improves driving experiences thanks to its excellent ergonomics, lightweight design, and striking looks, making it the perfect option for individuals looking for both comfort and a dash of motorsport-inspired elegance.
There has been a growing competition in Europe considering their large-scale collaborative efforts with Public Private initiatives throughout the Union nations for better.
Hybrid electric, fuel cell & full battery electric buses are currently being used in a number of public transport networks around the world.
Different types of e- bus technology vary in terms of whether electrical energy is generated or stored onboard.
BYD E bus, designed for driver and passenger comfort with low noise and zero emissions, is the first Iron-Phosphate Battery powered electric bus in the world. It’s mature, reliable, and successful.
The driving range available from the BYD E bus is better than any other comparable buses.
Battery power for the BYD ebus has been designed specifically to meet customer requirements for safety, energy density and low cost, making the BYD Iron-Phosphate Battery the battery of choice.
The energy consumption of BYD E bus is around 130kwh/100km in urban conditions, saving up to 70% of fuel costs.
It has been integrated and energised with the fast-changing technology, BYD E bus can be fully recharged in around 5 hours.
The Volvo Europe Buses have been part of a large scale of mobilization.
The newly introduced Volvo 7900 Electric offers ultimate charging flexibility, where energy capacity as well as charging method, time and power are parameters.
It has been integrated with a VDS System of Operations, VDS means effortless maneuvering, especially in roundabouts and cornering.
Sensitive Zones requirements are analyzed alongside safe detection and analysis systems. Volvo E Bus Model 7900 can be equipped with our new Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection System, a warning system to alert the driver and unprotected road users when there is a risk of collision.
Solaris launched its journey into battery-powered vehicles with the Urbino, the company’s first electric bus. Solaris then introduced the Urbino 12 electric bus, which was followed by the Urbino 18 bi-articulated electric bus.
The Urbino 24 electric bus contributed to build a new platform for bi-articulated buses. Later, it launched the Urbino 15 LE, its first intercity electric bus.
The business just debuted its latest electric bus, the Urbino 9 LE, expanding its portfolio of eco-friendly vehicles.
The Urbino 9 LE electric buses will be outfitted with an electric central motor and Solaris High Energy batteries with a total capacity of 280 kWh.
In addition to the usual plug-in system, the buses will be outfitted with rails attached to the vehicle’s roof. Solaris Bus & Coach has been recognised as a potential French supplier of electric buses and trolleybuses.
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