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With the increase in demand for EVs across the globe, there is also an increase in EV connectors to meet the charging demands. The demand is also to maintain and develop connectors which can be used across architectures and also develop connectors which will be capable of handling fast charging.
Currently there are 2 types of connectors for Alternating Current Charging (AC) 1. Type 1 and 2. Type 2 and 3 types of connectors for Direct Current (DC) 1.Combined Charging System (CCS) 2. CHAdeMO and 3.Tesla Supercharger
This is utilised for power upto 7.4 kW mainly in Asian regions
This is capable of handling upto 43 kW charging and is utilised across USA and Europe. This is popular even among public charging stations
This is a modified Type 2 charger to enable DC Fast Charging. This plug is utilised across regions and is used at Ionity’s charging infrastructure where 350 kW chargers are being utilised
A charging system developed in Japan and now being utilised across multiple OEMs such as Nissan, Mitsubhishi and Toyota. The latest protocol allows 500 kW of charging at 600A in this charger type.
Tesla utilises a modified Type 2 connector specifically for their vehicles. No other OEMs can utilise a Tesla connector for their vehicle. The current peak power utilisation possible with a Tesla connector is 250 kW
Charging infrastructure plays a major role in increasing EV sales. Since range anxiety is a common concern among people deliberating buying an EV. Development of fast charging is also prominent among OEMs, charging networks, cable manufacturers etc. to decrease overall charging time.
There are more than 13,000 DC Fast Chargers in Europe. Germany, Netherlands, France, Italy, UK, Norway and Sweden are the key deployment countries for fast chargers in Europe.
In France, local authorities directly initiated 70% of France’s charging stations opened to the public. Most of these deployments (94%) received financial support under the Investments for the Future Programme (PIA). To improve confidence for EV drivers in Germany, the government made it mandatory for all fuelling stations to have EV chargers on site
There are more than 5,000 fast chargers in USA with more than 18,000 connectors across USA. 1,000 of these chargers are run by Tesla and 10,600 connectors are in the Tesla Supercharger Network.
Fast chargers deployment will be focused on population density. 50% of the American population live in 143 counties which is 4.3% of the overall counties. The cross country highways will also be target for fast charging as the stop time for trips will be minimal for EVs.
China currently has more than 200,000 DC Fast chargers. The DC Fast charging network is mainly consolidated along the east coast of China where the population density is high along with high EV sales.
Finnish government announced a €5.5 million budget for expanding charging infrastructure during 2020 and 2021.
French government has allocated €1.3 billion for various incentives and subsidies to increase EV chargers across the country
German resident get a grant of €900 for purchase and installation of charger at home. Berlin, Bavaria, Munich and other cities have city wise and province wise incentives and subsidies
Italian government earmarked €130 Million subsidies for developing charging stations. Tax returns of € 3,000 for purchasing and installing charging stations by commercial firms
36% deduction for private consumers who set up a charger at home. Tax return of 75% for companies and public firms who set up charging stations.
Biden administration is allocating $174 Billion for EV infrastructure across the country inclusive of chargers across the country
The market for EV connectors is estimated at $xx Billion in 2020. The number of EV chargers going to be deployed will be XX units.
The increasing number of chargers being deployed will be the largest driver for this market. The main regions will continue to be USA, Europe and China and will have the largest growth.
The players in the market will be Huber+Suhner, ITT Cannon, and Phoenix Contact. Since most of the charger manufacturers do not manufacture connectors in house, there is a scope for new players in the market.
Among the EV connectors market, there are 7-8 main players followed by multiple smaller players who will look to cash in the charger boom in Europe, China, and North America.
Phoenix Contact expanded their portfolio under the range of CHARX. It will include components for both electrification of vehicles as well as charging infrastructure. They also collaborated with Proximus to enable 5 G connection in their charging infrastructure products and across other products and services in the company. They also launched new charging AC cables which will work upto 48 A.
Huber+Suhner launched RADOX HPC200 and completed their RADOX range. It now covers power ranges from 50 kW to 500 kW. They launched RADOX HPC500 which enabled continuous charging at 500 A, an IP67 connector protection rating, the option of a ready-to-use metering system and replaceable contacts for longer service life. They also showcased and launched high voltage distribution solutions for electric vehicles.
ITT Cannon expanded global customer reach with Heilind Electronics through a distribution agreement increasing the customer base globally. They also launched multiple charging products including 150 kW cable and connector, liquid cooled DC charging cables and AC charging solutions. They acquired Matrix Composites to develop better products for the industry.
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