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The last mile is final step of the package shipping process and also termed as the most time consuming part of the process. The continuous growth in the e-commerce sector is the major influencer on the last mile market. The last mile delivery is most expensive portion of goods shipping and they account to almost 50% overall cost of the process.
The global online buyers in 2019 was close to 2 billion i.e. 25% of the global population. The linear growth in the number of online buyers will directly affect the sector positively. The e-commerce accounts for the 15 % of the retail sales worldwide. The share is expected to go past 17% by 2021.
The delivery vehicles in top 100 cities across the world are expected to increase by 36% by 2030. This will subsequently increase the pollution by 32% and congestion by 21%. US, Germany and China account for more than 40% of the market share.
Undoubtedly urban areas hold the highest share in the segment. Last mile delivery is more efficient in the cities as they help to achieve higher deliveries per mile; this is possible due to increased delivery packages and well-defined population clusters.
The traffic congestion and inaccessible destinations are the two major factors that are hampering the growth in the region. The increased real estate rate in highly urbanized cities is keeping the transportation hubs and warehouses out of the city.
In rural areas the delivery points could be several miles apart and the in case of failed delivery, second attempt to deliver the goods is has to go through the hardship again.
Amazon has introduced the “Amazon Hub” in the US region exclusively for apartment complexes which allows the customer to pick up the package anytime and eliminating the unattended packages.
Nuro delivery service provider is testing 2 of its driverless vehicles for its final segment of delivery in California.
European market is lead by Germany, UK and France. The implementation of General Data Protection Regulation from EU, this will act as a challenge for the logistics industry to manage the data.
Hubl a start-up in UK is the “green” last mile logistics system by including only low emission and EVs in its fleet. It also provides the collection points with lockers.
China has more than 35,000 delivery companies. JD logistics in the country has been developing autonomous delivery robots and smart delivery stations in several cities and recently in February 2020 successfully delivered the medical kits using these robots in the Wuhan region.
In India the warehousing cost is 9% which is lower compared to the global overall supply chain cost i.e. 13%. Ever since the lockdown in the country in March due to COVID-19, the demand for home delivery has spiked to 150% compared to last year. E-commerce in the country is growing at 30% every year. Bangalore, Delhi and Mumbai are the top 3 cities and account for 40% of the last mile delivery market.
The last mile freight has been the major contributor for greenhouse gas emissions and the several firms are making an effort to reduce this.
E-commerce giant Amazon has partnered with EV start-up Rivian to bring 100,000 electric vans on road by 2030. The vans will be on road by 2021.
In addition to this the online vendors are trying to set-up more and more distribution centres within the city to minimise the delivery time.
The unattended packages are the main concern of the logistics. The logistics industry is introducing the lockers facility in the urban areas and allowing the customer to pick up at their convenience.
Some of the top last mile delivery start-ups are Deliv (US), Nuro (US), Starship technologies (US), Roadie (US), Routific (Canada), Active Ants (Netherlands), Dunzo (India), Quiqup (UK), Hubl (UK) and Matternet (US).
Some of the delivery services giants been involved with the sector are FedEx (US), DHL (Germany), UPS (US),
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