India Fertilizer Market 2024-2030

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    • India and China account for 40% of the global consumption of fertilizers.
    • Indian fertilizer production at 18.512 million MT (Nitrogen + Phosphate) witnessed a modest growth of 3.3% during 2019-20.
    • Production of nitrogen (N) increased by 2.9% to 13.722 million MT and that of phosphate increased by 4.4% to 4.790 million MT in 2019-20.
    • Production of urea at 24.455 million MT, DAP at 4.550 million MT and SSP at 4.244 million MT during 2019-20 marked increase of 2.3%, 16.7% and 4.1%, respectively, over 2018-19.
    • India’s dependency on import at present is to the extent of 25% of requirement of Urea, 90% in case of Phosphates, either as raw material or finished fertilizers (DAP/MAP/TSP) and 100% in case of Potash.
    • External factors such as weather and monsoon conditions as well as policy changes regarding fertilizer production, use and agricultural output enhancement exert significant influence on capacity utilization in the industry.
    • In India, there are mainly two modes of transportation for fertilizers from plants/ports, i.e. rail and road. More than 80% of fertilizers are moved by railway network and the remaining by road.
    • Indian fertilizer sector registered positive growth of 3.7% during April-December, 2020. The fertilizer sector is one of the industries that has been registering positive growth during the COVID crisis.
    • Fertilizer production is one of the most energy-intensive processes in the Indian industry. Energy is consumed in the form of natural gas, associated gas, naphtha~ fuel oil, low Sulphur heavy stock and coal.



    The fertilizer industry presents itself as one of the most energy-intensive sectors within the Indian economy and is therefore of particular interest in the context of both local and global environmental discussions.


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    Agricultural growth is mainly dependent on advances in farming technologies and increased use of chemical fertilizers. The effectiveness of fertilizers can only be assured if applied in optimal combination specific to the local soil and climatic conditions.



    The Government has been encouraging Indian Companies to establish Joint Ventures abroad in Countries which are rich in fertilizer resources for production facilities with buy-back arrangements and to enter into long term agreement for the supply of fertilizers and fertilizer inputs to India.


    Further, the Department is also working to have access to the acquisition of the fertilizer raw materials abroad. The government ensured that production, movement and sale of fertilizers remained uninterrupted during the lockdown and thereafter. Fertilizer and allied activities were exempted from lockdown restrictions.


    Railways waived penalties of demurrage and wharfage and priority was given for berthing of ships, discharge and movement of fertilizers from ports. Companies producing phosphatic & potassic (P&K) fertilizers are operated under a partially decontrolled environment.


    But the sector suffers from unfair competition from imports. Taxation regimes including customs duty and GST are harming the viability of domestic production. It is reflected in the low capacity utilization of plants manufacturing complex fertilizers.


    A large number of restrictions in the marketing of fertilizers inhibit innovation in the transportation, storage and sale of fertilizers. This does not permit cost optimization. But more importantly, many times these restrictions affect the timely supply of fertilizers in certain parts of the country.


    Major fertilizer cooperative IFFCO Ltd. announced that the Indian government’s Patent Office has granted it a 20-year patent on its ground-breaking nanotechnology-based fertilizers nano urea and nano DAP.


    In the nation, urea and di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) are the two most commonly used fertilizers. According to a statement from IFFCO, the Indian government has granted them a 20-year patent for their nano versions.


    By lowering the cost of agricultural inputs, this intellectual property of IFFCO Nano Urea and Nano DAP would enhance the Indian economy.


    Farmers and the environment both benefit from Info’s nano urea and nano DAP next-generation fertilizers. The reduction of soil, air, and water pollution will be made possible by these items.



    By Product Type

    1. Chemical Fertilizers
    2. Biofertilizers

    By Segment

    1. Urea
    2. Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)
    3. Muriate of Potash (MOP)
    4. Complex Fertilizers.
    5. SSP
    6. Others

    By Application

    1. Grains & Cereals
    2. Oil Seeds
    3. Fruits & Vegetables





    The Indian Fertilizer market is estimated at $XX Billion in 2023, growing at XX% CAGR till 2024-2030.



    Indian Potash Limited (IPL), which is part of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers’ Department of Fertilizers, has signed an MoU with Israel Chemicals Limited (ICL) for the delivery of Muriate of Potash (MOP) in the range of 6 to 6.5 LMT per year. 


    It’s a big step toward making MOP more widely available in the country. This would help to boost agricultural production in the country, consequently improving the lives of farmers. 


    It gives me great pleasure to report that M/s. Israel Chemicals Limited (ICL) is also collaborating with Indian Potash Limited (IPL) on a project titled “Potash for Life focusing on attaining improved fertilizer use efficiency” with the goal of increasing farmers’ income.



    Also Indorama India Private Limited has been granted permission by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) to acquire Indo Gulf Fertilizers (IIPL). The proposed combination involves IIPL purchasing Indo Gulf Fertilizer’s, Grasim Industries Limited’s (‘GIL/Seller’) fertilizer division, as a going concern on a slump sale basis.


    IIPL is largely in the business of producing, trading, and selling fertilizers, primarily phosphatic fertilizers and specialty plant nutrients. GIL makes viscose staple fiber, chloralkaline, fertilizer (through Target Business), textiles, and insulators. 


    Indo Gulf Fertilizers specializes in urea, customized fertilizers, Agri-inputs, crop protection, plant and soil health products, and specialized fertilizers.



    Neem-Coating of Urea: In India’s fertilizer industry, neem-coating of urea represents a significant technological achievement. A slow-release ingredient, neem oil, is used to urea, a common nitrogenous fertilizer. This coating increases how effectively plants use urea while reducing nitrogen losses due to volatilization. In India, urea coated with neem is frequently used to increase nutrient utilization effectiveness and lower environmental pollution.


    Fertilizers with a controlled release: These fertilizers are made to release nutrients gradually over a lengthy period of time. Innovative coating technologies used in these fertilizers regulate the release of nutrients based on soil temperature, moisture, and microbial activity. CRF technologies increase the amount of nutrients that are available to crops, decrease nitrogen loss and leaching, and increase fertilizer effectiveness. To improve nutrient management and advance sustainable agriculture, several Indian fertilizer companies have used CRF technologies. 


    Biofertilizers: Products containing helpful microorganisms that increase nutrient availability and enhance soil health are known as biofertilizers. The creation and application of biofertilizers like phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) and nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Rhizobium, Azotobacter, etc.) have received attention in India. These biofertilizers support sustainable agricultural methods, lessen reliance on chemical fertilizers, and improve soil fertility.


    Nutrient Stabilizers: Fertilizers may be coated or added with nutrient stabilizers to help prevent nutrient loss and increase effectiveness. Through volatilization, leaching, and denitrification, these stabilizers assist in reducing nutrient losses. They can be included in fertilizers that are nitrogenous, phosphatic, and potassic. Increasing the effectiveness of fertilizers, reducing environmental pollution, and improving nutrient uptake by crops are all benefits of nutrient stabilizers.


    In India, smart fertilizer management is achieved through the use of digital technologies and precision farming methods. To optimize fertilizer delivery depending on distinct crop needs and soil conditions, farmers are integrating soil sensors, weather data, and crop modeling tools. While limiting their negative effects on the environment, these technologies enable accurate nutrient control, lower fertilizer wastage, and increase output.


    Granules of Sulphur-bentonite are becoming more and more well-liked in India as a source of elemental Sulphur. These granules offer a type of sulfur that releases slowly and is crucial for crop nutrition. The system guarantees controlled sulfur release, which improves crop use and increases sulfur availability in sulfur-deficient soils.



    In 2020, Coromandel introduced four new technologically superior products in the Nutrient business. Crop Protection portfolio was strengthened by introducing six new chemistry products and leveraging technology to improve the solutions in the areas of soil health, crop diagnostics, nutrient and agrochemical recommendations.


    The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated digital adoption in the areas of digital marketing, farmer and dealer engagement and supply chains. FY 20-21 likely to be a defining year for ag-tech adoption by the farmers. 


    Indian agriculture has been constrained by the structural limitations and resource constraints – small landholdings, monsoon dependency and lack of output marketing infrastructure, which has severely impacted its productivity.


    With further resource shrinkage and the need to feed an ever-increasing population, agriculture needs to reinvent itself, adopt smart technologies and sustainable agriculture practices. Tata Chemicals has been working for climate change mitigation by reducing carbon footprint.


    Their emissions reduction targets for operations in India, North America, Europe and Kenya have been approved by the Science Based Targets initiative, being consistent with levels required to keep global warming to a well below 2°C.


    The Indian Fertilizer industry is predominantly dependent on imports either for the raw material & intermediaries or for finished products. Further for manufacturing technology also, the country is completely dependent on big foreign players for the technology license for setting up of new plants as well as for technological up-gradation of existing plants.


    The country has several institutions conducting extensive research on the subjects focused primarily on agriculture, however, there is no dedicated research institution in the country which is exclusively devoted to research in the fertilizer sector.


    There is a growing need for setting up a National Level Research & Development Centre, exclusively devoted to the promotion of research in the fertilizer sector. The chemical fertilizer industry is operated in a hazardous environment and faces many risks including those related to health, safety and the environment in addition to general business & financial risks.


    To mitigate them, the Companies have a comprehensive Risk Management Policy that is regularly reviewed and a periodical review of the risks, procedures and strategies is undertaken.


    Currently, there are many challenges being faced by the Fertilizer Industry which needs to be addressed including delay in payment of subsidy due to inadequate subsidy budget for fertilizers set by the Government of India, over regulations and procedural delays, unviable investment by Industry on energy saving schemes to meet the stiff energy norms fixed under New Urea Policy (NUP-2015).




    Sl no Topic
    1 Market Segmentation
    2 Scope of the report
    3 Abbreviations
    4 Research Methodology
    5 Executive Summary
    6 Introduction
    7 Insights from Industry stakeholders
    8 Cost breakdown of Product by sub-components and average profit margin
    9 Disruptive innovation in the Industry
    10 Technology trends in the Industry
    11 Consumer trends in the industry
    12 Recent Production Milestones
    13 Component Manufacturing in US, EU and China
    14 COVID-19 impact on overall market
    15 COVID-19 impact on Production of components
    16 COVID-19 impact on Point of sale
    17 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Geography, 2024-2030
    18 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Product Type, 2024-2030
    19 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Application, 2024-2030
    20 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by End use, 2024-2030
    21 Product installation rate by OEM, 2022
    22 Incline/Decline in Average B-2-B selling price in past 5 years
    23 Competition from substitute products
    24 Gross margin and average profitability of suppliers
    25 New product development in past 12 months
    26 M&A in past 12 months
    27 Growth strategy of leading players
    28 Market share of vendors, 2022
    29 Company Profiles
    30 Unmet needs and opportunity for new suppliers
    31 Conclusion
    32 Appendix
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