India Seaport Infrastructure Market 2023-2030

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    • Indian port traffic has witnessed single digit year on year growth from 2012-13 to 2017-18
    • Increasing investment and cargo at traffic point towards a healthy outlook for the Indian seaport sector
    • The capacity addition of ports is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6% till 2024
    • Within the ports sector, projects worth investment of 10 billion USD have been identified and will be awarded in the coming 7 years
    • Ministry of shipping has set a target capacity of over 313 MMT by 2024, which would be driven by participation from the private sector. Non-major ports are expected to generate over 505 of this capacity




    Sea ports have assumed enormous importance in the era of globalization, with a phenomenal expansion in world trade. The development of ports infrastructure in India is very crucial and indispensable for the increase of export volume through maritime trade.


    Export is an important key components of gross domestic product (GDP), which is a base indicator for economic growth in India. According to ministry of shipping, around 95% of India’s trading by volume and 70% by value is done through maritime transport.


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    India has 12 major and 205 notified minor and intermediate ports. Under the National perspective plan for Sagarmala,6 new mega ports will be developed in the country. The Indian ports and shipping industry plays vital role in sustaining growth in the country’s trade and commerce.


     India is the sixteenth largest maritime country in the world with a coastline of about 7500kms.The Indian Government plays an important role in supporting the ports sector. It has allowed FDI of up to 100% under the automatic route for port and harbor construction and maintenance projects. It has also facilitated a 10-year tax holiday to enterprise that develop, maintain, inland water ways and inland ports





    By Type

    • Major ports
    • Minor ports


    By Commodity

    • Containerized
    • Liquid
    • Bulk
    • Others


    By Region

    • East Coast
    • West Coast




     The maritime agenda 2010-2020 has a 2020 target of 3010MT port capacity ,major ports in India handled 704.82 MT cargo traffic, implying a CAGR of 2.74% in FY16-FY20.


    Vishakhapatnam port  handles the largest cargo among all the major ports with traffic of 60MT followed by Chennai with 48 MT. There can be see advancement in corporate developments in recent years and one  among them is , Adani ports &SEZ sought government’s approval for clubbing its 3 notified SEZ in Gujarat to form a mega multiple-export zone spanning over the 8500-hectare area.


    Till 2010, most ports were operating over near the saturation  levels of their handling capacities, resulting in high pre-berthing and turnaround time of vessels. The situation improved in 2016 in major ports. CAGR of traffic at major ports shown inclination during 2003-2014 from 5.51% to 10.74% and growth shown a slightly increase in 2018-2020 by 2.74% due to global economic crisis.






    Sagarmala Programme


    Vision of the Sagarmala programme is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM  and domestic trade with, minimal infrastructure investment. This includes:


    Reducing cost of transporting  domestic cargo through optimizing modal mix. Lowering logistics cost of bulk commodities by locating future industrial capacities near the coast. Improving export competitiveness by developing port proximate discrete manufacturing  clusters. Optimizing time/cost of  EXIM container movement.


    Project  UNNATI

    Project UNNATI was started by the Government of India to identify opportunities for improvement in the operations of major ports.




    India’s sea port infrastructure has witnessed significant growth and development in recent years.


    India has been actively investing in the modernization and expansion of its major sea ports. The government’s “Sagarmala” initiative, launched in 2015, aims to promote port-led development by upgrading existing ports and developing new ones.


    Under this initiative, significant investments have been made in port infrastructure, including the construction of new berths, terminals, and cargo-handling facilities. This modernization drive has enhanced the operational efficiency and capacity of Indian ports, enabling them to handle larger volumes of cargo.


    The concept of smart ports, leveraging technology and digitization, has gained traction in India. Several ports have implemented digital solutions to streamline processes, enhance efficiency, and improve transparency.


    These include the adoption of automation, Internet of Things (IoT) devices, and data analytics to optimize port operations, cargo tracking, and vessel management. The goal is to create seamless, integrated, and sustainable port ecosystems.


    The development of dedicated freight corridors, connecting major ports with industrial and consumption centers, has been a key focus in India.


    Projects like the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) and the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) aim to create efficient rail connectivity between ports and inland locations, reducing transportation costs and time. These corridors enable the seamless movement of goods, easing congestion on roads and enhancing the overall logistics infrastructure.


    The government has been actively promoting public-private partnerships (PPPs) to attract private sector investments and expertise in port development. This approach has led to increased private sector participation in port operations, management, and infrastructure projects.


    Private players bring in investments, technological advancements, and operational efficiency, thereby contributing to the overall growth and development of India’s sea port infrastructure.


    India is strategically positioning itself as a transshipment hub in the region. Transshipment involves the transfer of cargo from one vessel to another at a port, facilitating the efficient movement of goods between different locations.


    With its long coastline and central location in South Asia, India has the potential to become a major transshipment hub, providing connectivity between East Asia, Europe, and Africa. Ports like Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) and Chennai Port are focusing on developing transshipment capabilities to capture a larger share of regional trade.


     India has recognized the importance of sustainable port operations and environmental conservation. Green port initiatives have gained momentum, focusing on reducing carbon emissions, promoting renewable energy sources, and adopting eco-friendly practices.


    Ports are investing in solar power installations, implementing energy-efficient technologies, and adopting measures to minimize environmental impact, such as waste management and water conservation.



    Indian port traffic has witnessed single digit year on year growth from 2012-13 to 2017-18. Through capacity addition has picked up pace at major ports, progress and development of new non-major ports remains tardy.


    However, the port sector is expected to exhibit reasonable growth in cargo traffic in the coming years. The government is being proactive and leaving no stone unturned to ensure sector growth .It has been meeting challenges such as those related to connectivity and overcoming financial hurdles through the adoption of new and supportive policy measures. The outlook for the sector seems bright.

    • In 2017-18, the major ports handled 700MT of traffic, registering a year on year growth of 4% as against 7% of 2016-17.
    • As the state level, traffic at non-major ports has been increasing significantly, driven by great efficiency levels, draught and competitive tariff structure.IN 2017-18, non- major ports handled 520MT of traffic registering year-on-year growth of 9 %,as against 5% of 2016-17,their share has been rising since 2012-13.
    • Port wise Adani ports and SEZ limited corporation became the first commercial port in 2013-13 to handle over 100 MT of cargo in a year. Krishnapuram port which was commissioned in 2008,is among the fastest growing ports on the east coast.
    • In terms of infrastructure, there has been record capacity addition at the major ports. Overall , the major ports has added a capacity of 650 MT in the past 5 years .At the state level the capacity of non-major ports increase by 233MT in past 5 years. On the flip side the execution of green field projects continues to remain sluggish.
    • To improve operational efficiency and profitability, a benchmarking exercise was conducted for the major ports under the project Unnati.
    • On the efficiency front, there has been a significant reduction in turnaround time, from 94 hours in 2013-14 to 58 hours in 2018-19.
    • Ports are exploring new business area to diversify their portfolio and reduce business risks, with roll-on, roll-off, liquefied natural gas terminals, smart port cities and port based SEZ as new area of growth.
    • Cruise tourism is the another area of growth. Cruise terminals are operational at Mumbai, Cochin, Mormugao. The upgradation of a new terminal at Mumbai and Cochin are under way.


    Sl no Topic
    1 Market Segmentation
    2 Scope of the report
    3 Abbreviations
    4 Research Methodology
    5 Executive Summary
    6 Introduction
    7 Insights from Industry stakeholders
    8 Cost breakdown of Product by sub-components and average profit margin
    9 Disruptive innovation in the Industry
    10 Technology trends in the Industry
    11 Consumer trends in the industry
    12 Recent Production Milestones
    13 Component Manufacturing in US, EU and China
    14 COVID-19 impact on overall market
    15 COVID-19 impact on Production of components
    16 COVID-19 impact on Point of sale
    17 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Geography, 2023-2030
    18 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Product Type, 2023-2030
    19 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Application, 2023-2030
    20 Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by End use, 2023-2030
    21 Product installation rate by OEM, 2023
    22 Incline/Decline in Average B-2-B selling price in past 5 years
    23 Competition from substitute products
    24 Gross margin and average profitability of suppliers
    25 New product development in past 12 months
    26 M&A in past 12 months
    27 Growth strategy of leading players
    28 Market share of vendors, 2023
    29 Company Profiles
    30 Unmet needs and opportunity for new suppliers
    31 Conclusion
    32 Appendix
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