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Marine lubrication includes the use of ancillary grades such as hydraulic oils, compressor oils, gear oils, grease, etc. There are unique concerns for marine lubricants suppliers that do not apply to other lubricating oils. This means that any particular maritime lubricant must be accessible at the same quality, on short notice, and at literally hundreds of ports across the world.
In order to function properly, the oil used in diesel vessel engines has to have a range of characteristics. Additionally, it must be able to clean the engine components and keep them clean, as well as neutralize acids, transmit heat and combat rust and corrosion in addition to its primary task of lubricating the engine for a very long period. This brings upon the characterization of different physical properties and performance levels are required for different lubricants depending on the applications.
Cylinder Engine Oils are the most required and important classified oils in the Vessel requirements. In order to counteract the corrosive sulphuric acid produced by the combustion of sulphur in the fuel, the cylinder oil must have a high alkalinity level.
The Marine Lubricants have been recently integrated with the global requirements and upcoming boat technologies being mobilized at various market dynamic requirements. Powerful acceleration, comfortable cruising speed and an extended range are the hallmarks of Inboard engines, getting you where you want to go in total comfort.
The fact that EALs have been in commercial production for a number of years doesn’t mean that they represent a significant share of the lubricant industry. Particularly in Europe, where the use of such lubricants is being promoted by a mix of tax breaks, buying incentives, and national and international labelling schemes based on well-defined standards, the market for EALs continues to grow. Environmentally preferred lubricants are touted by several manufacturers, however there are presently no regulatory requirements for EALs, and there is no internationally recognized word by which they may be characterized
According to the EPA, new restrictions were approved in December 2013 with the Vessel General Permit (VGP). Under the VGP, boats longer than 79 feet operating in US waters are required to comply with its rules. These EALs must be biodegradable by 60% or more within a 28-day period, have minimum toxicity, and be non-bio accumulative to marine ecology, according to the new standards.
To promote the production and use of EALs, most European nations have passed laws encouraging their use or production. Through tax exemptions on ecologically acceptable base oils, taxes on mineral oils or subsidy programmes for customers that offset the price difference between conventional and EALs.
The Global Marine Lubricants Market can be segmented into following categories for further analysis.
Maritime diesel engine lubrication provides its unique set of challenges. The sheer size of the engines, their great efficiency, and the fuel they use all contribute to these problems. Cylinder bore diameters can exceed 1 m and firing pressures of 150 bar result in liner temperatures of above 200 °C leading in excellent efficiency.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) predicts the use of a lower BN cylinder oil in line with the new sulphur restriction with the adoption of a 0.5 percent sulphur limit. Accordingly, different types of lubricants must be developed for use with different types of fuels.
The most recent technological integration has been that synthetic esters are becoming increasingly popular. Both biodegradability and toxicity of many synthetic esters meet the VGP requirements for EALs. As well as having a high viscosity index, synthetic esters have great corrosion-preventive characteristics, and they may also be modified to offer good lubrication in certain applications.
Natural esters are prone to poor cold flow behaviour and insufficient oxidative stability, among other problems. In spite of the natural esters’ superior characteristics, synthetic esters may be engineered to excel in those areas. Hydrolysis and acid production in the presence of water are still possible with synthetic esters, though.
The Global Marine Lubricants Market has been focusing upon the fact that environmental protection is currently one of the absolute top criteria in numerous countries around the world. Legal limitations, as well as rising public awareness, result in a growing interest on the part of watercraft owners in electric propulsion systems characterized by increasingly stringent “zero-emission” levels.
Gulf Oils Lubricants has been involved in adopting the latest technologies required for better and enhanced levels of efficiencies to be improvised within the vessels. It has most recently introduced the GulfSea Cylcare 50100 which has been developed to meet the very latest demands facing modern slow speed diesel engines running on residual fuels having sulphur contents in excess of 1%.
It possesses outstanding acid neutralizing capability and provides excellent engine cleanliness and durability especially where slow steaming or otherwise cold corrosion environment persists. It has been classified as a Clean Cylinder Oil Technology.
Eni Oil Products has been involved in production of the latest type of Hydraulic oil required for Vessels and underwater vessels / submarines. It has the advanced product of Eni OSO 32 which has been classified as a high performance anti wear hydraulic oil. In order to fulfil the most demanding performance criteria of a wide range of hydraulic system and component manufacturers, it has been particularly designed.
There are chosen base oils that are processed with “low zinc” technology, which ensures that it has high wear-resistance, antirust, and antioxidative characteristics. Service filterability is amazing. When high oxidation stability and lubricating performance are required, Eni OSO 32 can be used. This allows the use of a single product with outstanding performance characteristics.
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