Fuel cells have membranes that only let hydrogen ions pass through them; oxygen or other atoms or ions are not allowed to do so. Businesses are employing nanotechnology to make membranes that are more effective, enabling them to manufacture fuel cells that are lighter and more durable.
Small fuel cells, which can be used in place of batteries in mobile devices like PDAs or laptop computers, are currently being researched. The majority of businesses developing this kind of fuel cell use the abbreviation DMFC, or direct methanol fuel cell, and refer to them as methanol fuel cells.
The Global Nanoparticle-based fuel cell market accounted for $XX Billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $XX Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2023 to 2030.
The efficiency of hydrogen fuel cell catalysts can be significantly improved by employing metal nanoparticles that have been developed by a research team in Korea using the techniques used in the production of semiconductors.
The research group at the Hydrogen Fuel Cell Research Centre has succeeded in synthesising nanoparticles by a physical process as opposed to the current chemical reactions by using the sputtering technology, which is a thin metal film deposition technology used in semiconductor manufacturing, according to a report from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology.
Over the past few decades, metal nanoparticles have been researched in a variety of sectors. Metal nanoparticles have recently come to light as an important catalyst for hydrogen fuel cells and water electrolysis systems that produce hydrogen. The majority of sophisticated chemical reactions are used to create metal nanoparticles.
Additionally, they are manufactured with organic ingredients that are dangerous for both individuals and the environment. Because of this, it is unavoidable to incur more resources for their treatment, and the synthesis conditions are difficult.
The establishment of the hydrogen energy regime therefore calls for a novel nanoparticle synthesis technique that can address the drawbacks of the current chemical synthesis.
Using this method, the KIST research team created a catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in hydrogen fuel cell electrodes made of a platinum, cobalt, and vanadium alloy nanoparticle.
The catalyst activity was consequently 7 and 3 times greater than those of platinum and platinum-cobalt alloy catalysts, which are used in the industry as catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells, respectively.
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