A patrol boat (also referred to as a patrol craft, patrol ship, or patrol vessel) is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence, border security, or law enforcement.
There are many designs for patrol boats, and they generally range in size. They may be operated by a nation’s navy, coast guard, police, or customs, and may be intended for marine (“blue water”), estuarine (“green water”), or river (“brown water”) environments.
Per their name, patrol boats are primarily used to patrol a country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), but they may also be used in other roles, such as anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fishery patrols, immigration law enforcement, or search and rescue.
Depending on the size, organization, and capabilities of a nation’s armed forces, the importance of patrol boats may range from minor support vessels that are part of a coast guard, to flagships that make up a majority of a navy’s fleet. Their small size and relatively low cost make them one of the most common naval vessels in the world.
The classification of a patrol boat is often subjective, but they are generally small naval vessels that are used to patrol national waters or a certain jurisdiction.
They may be as large as a frigate or a corvette, though the term may also be used for vessels as small as a yacht or rigid inflatable boat. They can include fast attack craft, torpedo boats, and missile boats.
They may be broadly classified as inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) or offshore patrol vessels (OPVs). OPVs are usually the smallest ship in a navy’s fleet that are large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore in the open ocean, while IPVs are typically too small to do so and are instead kept in lakes or rivers, or close to coasts; IPVs specifically used in rivers can also be called “riverine patrol vessels”.
The Global Patrol boat market accounted for $XX Billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $XX Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2023 to 2030.
Austal Launches 4th Evolved Cape-class Patrol Boat
Austal Australia has launched the 4th Evolved Cape-class Patrol Boat (ECCPB), the future ADV Cape Capricorn, for the Royal Australian Navy.
The vessel, Austal Hull 814, was launched at the Henderson, Western Australia shipyard following approximately 12 months of construction and just 3 months after the launch of the 3rd ECCPB.
With greater capability than the benchmark Cape-class Patrol Boats, the Evolved Capes feature new, larger amenities to accommodate up to 32 people, improved quality of life systems and advanced sustainment intelligence systems that further enhance the Royal Australian Navy’s ability to fight and win at sea.
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