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Global Rail HVAC System Market 2019-2024

February 11, 2019

Number of pages- 90

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The passenger rail transit is a mature market globally. Millions of people across the globe rely on trains to reach their destination at a reasonable cost .HVAC(Heating Ventilation and cooling) system has a major role in keeping the passengers comfortable during their short/medium/long transit.


Earlier rail HVAC was limited to the higher end of the rail transit market but now that the low cost aviation and inter-city bus coaches have developed a wider reach, HVAC is one of the basic requirement for even lower class travellers.


There is no “one HVAC fits all “condition here and every rail HVAC system needs to be designed from ground up keeping all situations in mind.


Here, the HVAC engineers across the globe have done a great job of raising the bar, as designing quality, reliable and robust rail HVAC system is a tough ask. There are multiple minimum requirements for them like

  1. Has to be compact and lightweight
  2. Capable of handling excessive vibrations
  3. Limited area for air circulation
  4. Dusty air intake and widely varying outside ambient temperature
  5. Limited available time for maintenance



  1. Demand, subsequent realization and production of global rail market is dependent on a complex mix of external and internal influences; gaps in public transportation continues to remain the most significant driver across the globe
  2. The market value of North America rail HVAC  from light urban rail and medium speed rail will account for 56% and 44% respectively. The only high speed rail project in US has run into multiple troubles and may not get completed before 2030
  3. The HVAC used in LRVs(trams) cost the lowest and the ones in metro( in India,MENA and Australia) cost the highest
  4. Europe will continue to grow at a moderate pace, given stable replacement demand from western Europe and  new vehicle demand from Eastern Europe.
  5. Demand for rail HVAC in Asia Ex China region will majorly come from India and ASEAN countries



Rail HVAC System Market Segmented by geography,application,cooling capacity and sub-components


  • The renewed focus on passenger rail to ease congestion and improve deteriorating urban air quality is one of the biggest growth drivers for rail HVAC system market
  • The slowdown in Chinese economy and saturation in rail network will result in reduced spending on rail market, and is one of the biggest challenge to this market. China drove much of the global rail infrastructure expansion during 2005-2017 but that won’t be the case anymore
  • As it is the trend across the globe, due to further growth of IoT( Internet of things), the rolling stock of today is driven more by software than electronic controls. The future trends clearly point to the new HVAC systems being more efficient from passenger as well as environmental perspective



The installed base of rail transit vehicles reached ~380,000 units by end of Jan 2019.Asia and Europe cumulatively accounted for 71% of total installed base.


As of Feb 2019, there are 436 light rail transit system, running ~145,000 rail vehicles around the world. About 26-28% of those light rail transit systems are more than 3 decades old now and in dire need of complete overhaul, including HVAC. The growth in VHS(Very High speed) rail network was majorly driven by China and replacement demand from Europe.


As of 2019,Asia accounts for the biggest share of rail HVAC systems market followed by Europe and North America and we dont expect that to change in 2024.


In Europe, a significant share of rail HVAC system market demand is driven by replacements. The relentless pursuit of western European economies to reduce carbon footprint has created demand for more efficient HVAC systems. In Eastern Europe, countries like Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and Russia are expanding urban rail network and will be the biggest demand generators of new HVAC system market in EU region.


The future outlook of Rail HVAC system market will largely depend on the growth of light urban rail in populous countries like India and China. The urbanization rate in India is still ~33% whereas in China it is 58%.Both are far less than that of developed economies like EU and Japan with urbanization rate of 75% and 91% respectively.


Rail HVAC systems with 20kW-40kW cooling capacity are most popular across the globe due to their versatility and a great balance between cost and value.



Most of the player active in rail HVAC system market are fundamentally Tier-2 suppliers in the overall value chain. They supply their components to tier-1s who then integrate it with the rail vehicles.


The European suppliers viz Kiepe Electric, Libherr and LEEL(Llyod Electric) cumulatively hold substantial market share in the rail HVAC system market. Their presence canbe found in many rail projects across the globe. Earlier, Chinese market was served by international manufacturers only but now local Chinese players have developed remarkable expertise in developing and manufacturing cutting edge rail HVAC systems.


The Japanese suppliers like  Hitachi and Mitsubishi Electric have strong presence in the high speed rail network in japan, additionally they are also a preferred vendor in Asia and Rest of the world region.



1Kiepe Electric(Knorr – Bremse)
2LEEL (Formerly Lloyd Electric & & Engineering Limited)
3Hitachi Rail
4DC Airco
5KLIMAT FER (Mitsubishi Electric)
7Thermoking(Ingersoll Rand)
8Songz rail Air conditioning
9Liebherr-Transportation Systems


  1. Market Size and Forecast of Rail HVAC System market(Volume-Units and Value-$Million)
  2. Market split by Application -(Urban light rail, High speed rail and Medium speed rail)
  3. The market segmented by Geography-( China,Asia excluding China, Europe, North America and Rest of the World)
  4. Global market split by cooling capacity (<20kW, 20-40kW and 40kW)
  5. Total demand segmented by OE and replacement
  6. Market volume and value of HVAC sub-components(compressor and refrigerant)
  7. Global rolling stock HVAC penetration, by region
  8. Market share of rail HVAC suppliers
  9. Growth drivers, trends, risks in all geographies and market segments
  10. OEM- HVAC supplier alignment in major regions
1Market Segmentation, Scope, Methodology and Definition3-6
2Executive Summary8-11
4Market Size ,Dynamics and Forecast By Geography21-36
5Market Size ,Dynamics and Forecast By Application38-48
6Market Size ,Dynamics and Forecast By Sub-components50-55
7Market Size ,Dynamics and Forecast By Cooling capacity57-75
8Competitive Landscape77-79
9Company Profiles81-88
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