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Globalization and migration of rural people to urban areas has resulted in shortage of labour and high remuneration for the same. These factors necessitate the use of a mechanized transplanter.
Development of social economic accelerated agricultural modernization progress with, saving and simple cultivation methods is the basic way to realize high efficiency and large scale rice production. Due to differences in rice varieties and regional climates, multiple planting patterns coexist, in which mechanical transplanting is the important planting method to keep rice yield stable.
Currently, the industry is developing the model and equipment of rice seedling nursery and transplanting in double-season and hybrid rice transplanting has been progressed. Especially to improve the technology of precision sowing, seedling grasping, and seedling transplanting. In addition, also to improve the mechanical technology of fertilization, spraying, and weeding, as it is efficient for rice production to combine the transplanting and fertilization.
Major problem is labor shortage in the farm operations, the governments are promoting mechanization in all the possible ways to make the farming profitable. The farmers are coming forward to adopt transplanting with the help of self-propelled rice transplanter. Due to small land holding and weak economic position, farmers are not in a position to purchase the machine individually, but on hiring basis the technology should be adopted.
The actual adoption rate of self-propelled rice transplanting technology among rice growers in many countries is low, which calls for improved technology and enhanced extension services for popularizing the self-propelled rice transplanting technology.
In addition to agricultural, social and economic growth drivers of mechanisation, macroeconomic and intrinsic factors such as the growing population and demand, urbanisation, surge in agri exports such as tractors, improved flow of agricultural credit, labour migration and shortages are also necessitating the adoption of mechanised solutions in Indian agriculture for long-term and sustainable growth.
The Global Rice Transplanter market is estimated at $XX Billion in 2020, growing at XX% CAGR till 2026.
Through agricultural machinery research and development, Kubota has worked directly with farmers to discover solutions to many of these difficulties. Rice transplanting was previously thought to be a difficult task to automate, but Kubota has now created the Agri Robo Rice-Transplanter, the world’s first machine that can conduct the process mechanically without the need for a person.
This machine continues the Japanese rice farming heritage of “beautiful planting” while also offering “professional full-field planting,” which saves farmers time and effort. Kubota sees the creation of the Agri Robo Rice-Transplanter as a step forward in smart farming and is working to improve its technology even more. From a bird’s-eye view, the Agri Robo rice-transplanter captures the entire field as a map.
It uses GPS positioning data and the brain’s capacity to build reasonable routes to determine an optimal planting sequence. The Agri Robo rice-transplanter generates a route that differs from what people would do.
It also includes a third process: inner-perimeter planting, in addition to the first two. Unlike human planting, this approach adjusts the spacing between rows to ensure that no space is wasted, and it even determines the best seedling supply and entry/exit point placements.
To support mechanization in smallholding transplanting operations many companies are in the competition of developing low cost mechanical transplanter. The transplants are used for only a limited period of 15-30 days in a year. Therefore, farmers do not want to invest large amounts on costly machines. To reduce the cost and to overcome the problems associated with operation of manual transplanter there is need to develop small self-propelled type transplanters.
Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) has a license agreement with Mitsubishi Agriculture Machinery Company (MAMC) of Japan for the transfer of technology in the field of agricultural machinery. M&M will use the technology from MAMC to produce rice transplanters in india. Currently the company sells the transplanter in India and also exports the product to other countries in south Asia and China.
In large rice fields, rice seeds are sown with a large sewing machine known as grain drill for upland fields, and water is supplied after germination and seedling development. Significant labor saving and cost reduction are possible as the efforts for rice planting and nursing are not required. Since the sewing machine can also be used for other seeds cultivation, it is suitable for crop rotation management of these crops.
Dense seedling technique is used for sowing and raising seedlings at high density and with high accuracy. Developing the transplanting mechanisms for such dense seedlings requires precise picking using a special tine mechanism together with an automatic system for adjusting the planting depth. This technology increases revenue by significantly reducing the number of seedling mats required, lowering material costs, saving labor, and increasing the efficiency of rice production.
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