- Indian Railways generated annual traffic revenue of ~2 Lac crore INR in FY 2020 or ~$28 Billion. Freight traffic accounted for more than 70% of overall revenues in FY 2020. Revenue has grown at 5% CAGR in past 5 years but profitability has reduced drastically in past 4 years, due to growing infrastructure and modernization expenses
- Indian rolling stock manufacturing is majorly carried out by government owned companies but freight wagons and metro coaches are manufactured predominantly by private companies.
- Although Freight wagons account for ~60% of the rolling stock manufacturing every year, due to low individual pricing they account for only 12% of the overall market size by Revenue. On the other hand, Intercity and EMU coach production account for ~35-37% of the rolling stock production, but accounts for ~50% of the market size
- Switch to a) electricity from Diesel and b) Solar powered electricity from coal powered electricity will be the two pivots of Indian Railways green strategy
- Total rolling stock PARC in India at present is about 392,743 units. Freight Wagons account for ~76%, followed by Intercity coaches -16%, metro, EMU and locomotives make up for just 8% of the overall rolling stock fleet
ROLLING STOCK MARKET IN INDIA- INTRODUCTION
The Indian Railways contributes to ~3% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and has social obligations pegged at $5.3 Billion annually. It is among the few government-owned enterprises which has been incurring losses year-after-year. Railways around the world, like in the US, Europe and Japan have undergone ownership changes. But, Indian railways, continues to be monitored by government.
In coming years, the Indian railways is all set witness significant changes. The Indian Railways is planning to purchase locomotives, coaches, train sets, Electric Multiple Units (EMUs) from private manufacturers instead of buying them from the state-run companies
The Indian railways’ plan of exporting its coaches in the global $180 Billion rolling stock market will be major growth driver for rolling stock market in India. New coach manufacturing in India has already got a boost by record high CAPEX allocation of ~$900M in the FY 2019-20 budget, a sharp increase as compared to just ~$500M in FY 2018-2019.
METRO RAIL ROLLING STOCK MARKET IN INDIA
|Type of cities||Tier-1- 7, Tier- 2- 3||All tier-2||All tier-2|
As of Oct 2020, there are 10 metro networks in India with more than 1,500 coaches. By 2025, the number will go up to 25+ networks with 3,500+ coaches, creating demand for 2000+ additional coaches.
MARKET SIZE AND FORECAST
The Indian railway industry was a completely closed industry in the sense that most of the manufacturing and operations of rolling stock was carried out by the state-owned companies. But now, in FY 2019-2020, all of that is set to change. The railways will have 150 private trains by 2023 to start with and the routes that will go for bidding are still being worked upon. During bidding, the operators will be given options — import, buy rakes from an Indian company or on lease.
This move has made the Indian rolling stock market very attractive for International rolling stock suppliers and component manufacturers alike.
The dedicated freight corridor between Delhi-Mumbai, Delhi-Kolkata will also create new demand for cargo wagons as the new corridor will support max speed up to 100kph against existing 60kph.
The corporatisation of rail manufacturing is essential for upgrading the intercity trains to a max speed capability of 160-200kph from 110-130kph presently.
The rolling stock market in India will be worth ~$5 Billion or ~37,000 Crore INR by 2025
WHO MANUFACTURES ROLLING STOCK IN INDIA
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ROLLING STOCK MARKET IN INDIA
July 2020- Indian Railways invited global tender from private companies to run trains on 109 routes. The private trains are proposed to be run in 12 clusters across the railway network
June 2020- More than 2,45,400 bio-toilets were fitted in 68,800 rail coaches, taking installation of bio toilets to 100%.
Feb 2020: India’s Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. (BMRCL) awarded a Rs. 1,578 Crore ( @ 7.3 crore per coach, cheapest metro bid cost ever)contract to China’s CRRC Corporation’s subsidiary for 36 train sets consisting of 216 coaches
Oct 2019– BEML which has ~almost 50% market share in metro cars in India inaugurated a bogie and traction motor testing facility at its metro car manufacturing plant at the BEML Bangalore Complex
Oct 2019–Indian Railways planned to invite private domestic and international operators to bid for operating passenger trains on a lease basis on 25 inter-city routes covering distances from 500-700km.Private operators will be required to pay haulage fees along with the lease fee
Oct 2019- Indian Railways planned to procure 100 new trains by 2022 to increase the speed of services. Initially seven trains will be imported and the remaining trains will be manufactured in India under a technology transfer arrangement
Oct 2019–Indian Railways planned to convert all LHB trains to HoG(Head on generation) system by the end of this year. HOG taps power supply overhead power lines and distributes it to train coaches and does not need a power generator car(reducing 105 DB per car)
July 2019- The Finance Minister of India announced that the state does not have funds to make heavy investments($700 Billion) required to modernize Indian Railways between 2019-2030. Hence, the PPP(Public private participation) model is being considered
May 2019– There was a backlog of 25,000 freight wagons, due from private suppliers. The state owned indian railways has a wagon manufacturing capacity of just 4,000 units per annum. Coal and coke account for ~60% of freight traffic, followed by cement and foodgrains in India
- Indian Coach Factory ( Indian Railways)
- Modern Coach Factory ( Indian Railways)
- Rail Coach Factory(Indian Railways)
- Bombardier Transportation India
- CAF Power & Automation
- Hyundai Rotem
- Texmaco Rail and Engineering
- Medha Servo Drives
- Titagarh Wagons
- Jindal Rail, Modern Industries
- Hindustan Engineering
- Jupiter Wagons
- Alstom India
THIS REPORT WILL ANSWER FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
- Market size and forecast of Rolling stock market in India, by application and product type
- Opportunity for traction motor, HVAC, signaling, pantograph, seats and auxiliary suppliers in the rolling stock market in India
- Details on new rolling stock development and infrastructure upgradation of Indian railways
- Market share of major vendors by 2025
- Key criterion for vendor selection by Indian railway
|2||Scope of the report|
|7||Insights from Industry stakeholders|
|8||Cost breakdown of Product by sub-components and average profit margin|
|9||Disruptive innovation in the Industry|
|10||Technology trends in the Industry|
|11||Consumer trends in the industry|
|12||Recent Production Milestones|
|13||Component Manufacturing in US, EU and China|
|14||COVID-19 impact on overall market|
|15||COVID-19 impact on Production of components|
|16||COVID-19 impact on Point of sale|
|17||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Geography, 2020-2025|
|18||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Product Type, 2020-2025|
|19||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by Application, 2020-2025|
|20||Market Segmentation, Dynamics and Forecast by End use, 2020-2025|
|21||Product installation rate by OEM, 2020|
|22||Incline/Decline in Average B-2-B selling price in past 5 years|
|23||Competition from substitute products|
|24||Gross margin and average profitability of suppliers|
|25||New product development in past 12 months|
|26||M&A in past 12 months|
|27||Growth strategy of leading players|
|28||Market share of vendors, 2020|
|30||Unmet needs and opportunity for new suppliers|