Cement, in its broadest sense, refers to any sticky substance; but, in its more specific sense, it refers to the binding substances employed in construction and civil engineering projects. This kind of cement is a finely powdered powder that when combined with water hardens.
Hydration, a chemical reaction involving water and cement components that produces submicroscopic crystals or a substance with a vast surface area, is what causes setting and hardening.
The Spain Cement market accounted for $XX Billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $XX Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2023 to 2030.
Biological concrete for moss covered wall .Researchers at a university in Spain are creating a new kind of concrete that collects rainwater to produce living walls made of moss and fungi.
The new “biological concrete” promotes the growth of organisms on its own surface, in contrast to existing vertical garden systems that call for complicated supporting structures.
Microalgae, fungus, lichens, and mosses can all flourish in the moist growing environment created by the biological layer that is present in the concrete.
A waterproof layer keeps organisms away from the concrete’s core structural layer, while an exterior layer works in the other direction by letting rainfall in and preventing it from escaping.
According to the researchers, who are currently working to patent the substance, the concrete also serves as a thermal regulator, an insulator, and a material that absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
In addition, it has the ability to absorb solar radiation, allowing thermal conductivity inside structures to be adjusted according to the temperature.
Since it can be used to decorate the surface of constructions or the façade of buildings with various finishes and shades of colour, biological concrete serves as both an insulating material and a thermal regulator in addition to serving as an ornamental substitute.
It was created so that specific areas could be colonised with different colours without having to cover the entire surface. The goal is to produce a patina that resembles a biological layer of protection or a “living” artwork.
With a new purchase to support the Urbanisation Solutions business, Cemex pursues its expansion plan in Europe. To better meet the needs of Madrid’s urbanization, Cemex acquired a mortar plant.
As part of its continued ambition to boost EBITDA through bolt-on acquisitions, Cemex has purchased a mortar plant close to Madrid, Spain, with the goal of giving increasing urban centers more environmentally friendly options.
The brand-new facility has the most recent technology to enable the production of conventional and customized mortars with improved sustainability features. Vertua cement, which has a lower carbon footprint, will be provided by the close-by Castillejo cement plant of Cemex.
Due to its close proximity to Madrid—just 35 km or 22 miles away—the mortar factory helps to cut down on Scope 3 transportation-related emissions overall. At full production, the plant, which will be a part of Cemex’s Urbanisation Solutions division, will be able to produce 100,000 metric tonnes.
This new plant will bring them closer to their customers in the expanding Madrid market while offering them cutting-edge building solutions for more sustainable construction. Strategic bolt-on acquisitions are a cornerstone of their growth plan and will increase their capacity to serve growing urban markets with more sustainable and innovative products.
Bricks, concrete blocks, and other construction materials are held together by mortars, which act as binding agents and employ cement to do so. Other materials, including ceramic and tile, can be installed with the use of specialty mortars.
For many construction projects, especially building renovations in developed markets, mortar is a need. As part of its Urbanisation Solutions division, Cemex provides a variety of mortars in its markets all over the world.Strong growth drivers for Cemex have been its urbanization solutions division and its bolt-on acquisition strategy.
By constantly coming up with new ideas and doing cutting-edge research and development, Cemex is dedicated to becoming carbon neutral.
In the construction value chain, Cemex is at the forefront of the circular economy and is leading the way in developing innovative technologies to increase the use of trash and residues as alternative raw materials and fuels in its operations. In developing areas around the world, Cemex provides solutions for urbanization, ready-mix concrete, aggregates, and cement.
The Synhelion and CEMEX research and development teams integrated the clinker manufacturing process with the Syn Helion solar receiver to establish a pilot batch production unit for the production of clinker from concentrated sun radiation. An important milestone for this game-changing technology is the manufacturing of the first solar clinker.
It is evidence of our dedication to achieving our objective of providing solely net-zero CO2 concrete by delivering measurable results through innovation. Installed at IMDEA Energy’s Very High Concentration Solar Tower in Spain was the pilot.
Temperatures surpassing 1,500°C are recorded by Synhelion’s solar receiver, setting new records. The process heat required for clinker formation is produced by heating a gaseous heat transfer fluid using the solar receiver.
The pilot is the first successful calcination—and, more significantly, the first effective clinkerization—that has ever been accomplished with solar energy alone. After being used to make cement, the clinker was further treated to create concrete.
As they move towards an industrial scale pilot at a cement plant, CEMEX and Synhelion expect to create solar clinker in higher amounts in the upcoming phase of their collaborative research and development project.
This project is a component of CEMEX’s Future in Action programme, which aims to produce globally net-zero CO2 concrete through lowering the carbon footprint of its operations and products.
Innovative ideas, technology, and efforts pertaining to the clinker and cement production processes need to be implemented by the cement industry. Achieving the goal of carbon neutrality also requires taking into account the uptake of carbon dioxide by cement-based products.
The EU is promoting decreasing the use of natural resources, minimising the development of waste, and enhancing circularity in relation to the circular economy action plan.
Due to the widely known usage of industrial wastes to manufacture cement and Portland clinker, the cement industry will be heavily involved in this topic. Cement companies will take steps to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and impose mitigation methods because climate change is one of the biggest concerns facing society.
The sources of direct carbon dioxide emissions are those under the reporting cement makers’ control. These sources include the burning of organic carbon from raw materials, the calcination of carbonates found in raw materials, and emissions from kiln fuels used in the manufacturing of clinker.
It would seem that innovative ideas, inventions, and technologies related to the clinker production process—like carbon dioxide capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS) technology—should be embraced by the cement industry.
High concentrations of fresh cement ingredients should also be used. To accomplish the goal of carbon neutrality, cement-based materials’ uptake of carbon dioxide must also be taken into account.
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