To accomplish safe disposal in various environments, a green supercapacitor needs different component parts that are well suited for biodegradation. The best raw material for treating supercapacitors in an environmentally friendly manner is a biodegradable polymer, and appropriate research tactics and preparation techniques are effective ways to achieve this.
The main applications of biodegradable polymers in different supercapacitor components, including electrodes, electrolytes, substrates, and encapsulation materials, were summarised by the researchers along with the classification of existing biodegradable polymers and their typical structure, properties, and preparation methods.
The Global Supercapacitor Biodegradable Polymer market accounted for $XX Billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $XX Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of XX% from 2023 to 2030.
Although supercapacitors (SCs) have shown great promise for incorporation into future wearable and implantable devices, their further development is constrained by a lack of environmental adaptation and biosafety. In this respect, using biodegradable polymers is thought to be the best strategy for disposing of SCs in an ecologically friendly manner.
The biodegradable polymers with satisfactory degradability and excellent biocompatibility show an indispensable role in the development of SCs in the future and offer a perfect solution strategy for their ecologically sound disposal.
The majority of the polymer materials used in SCs, such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polyamide (PI), are unfortunately not biodegradable, which makes it extremely difficult to dispose of electronic debris. A million tons of electronic waste are thought to be discarded annually across the globe; only a tiny portion of this waste is recycled, and the majority is burned or dumped in landfills, seriously polluting the environment.
In order to build SCs with outstanding performance and biodegradability, it is now crucial to use appropriate biodegradable polymers that are environmentally friendly.
This has led to the development of sustainable SCs as a main goal. A biodegradable polymer is a substance that can be broken down or decomposed chemically, biologically, or physically through the activity of microorganisms found in nature, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, etc. When a polymer is considered environmentally friendly, it has the following qualities: ideal biodegradability, high recyclability, minimal resource and energy consumption.
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