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Among the IC engine powered cars to achieve high fuel efficiency and among BEVs and PHEVs to enhance the overall performance of the vehicle pumps play an important role in various vehicle systems. Pumps in automobiles are used in several systems such as steering, fuel, coolant, transmission and lubrication. Increasing demand for environment friendly solutions has developed the need for high performing pumps.
Automakers are constantly emphasising on curbing the carbon emissions, in order to ensure compliance with changing regulatory norms. The use of high pressure fuel pumps will reduce the carbon emission considerably. This is a crucial factor helping to expand the pumps market.
Among different types of pumps fuel pump and fuel injection pump occupies the largest market share. Stricter emission norms across the world will boost the fuel injection pump market. Among fuel injection pump, direct injection holds the highest market share. Among gasoline engines Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) system is more accurate and can achieve higher power and efficiency. In diesel engines Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) is most commonly found technique.
The steering pump is concentrated only in the commercial vehicles segment. The Electric Power Steering (EPS) has overshadowed the hydraulic power steering pumps in the passenger car segments. EPS has replaced steering pumps in every top selling cars of the top market region. The transmission pumps (gear pumps) are extensively used in the automatic transmission vehicles as they feed the oil to torque converter and the transmission cooler.
The below info graphic shows the market share of different automotive pumps:
Mechanical automotive pumps are slowly phasing out due to their poor energy efficiency and higher fluid leaks. Electric automotive pumps occupy higher market share and continuous development in the technology is driving this segment. The electrical pumps independent of engine operations can be controlled with higher precision. Owing to these characteristics electrically operated pumps are in demand type of pumps.
Passenger cars hold the highest market share. However electrification means it will automotive pumps penetration gets limited to steering and transmission segments. But the light and heavy commercial vehicles continue mostly to be IC engine powered. Hence the fuel and fuel injection pumps market remains steady.
Every top selling car except for Ford F150 and Toyota Rav4 in US features direct injection fuel pump. Ford F150 and Rav4 are equipped with dual injection fuel pump (direct and port).
Stringent emission norm is propelling the growth of fuel pumps in the region. Most of the top selling cars come with direct fuel injection pump rather than multi point fuel injection.
The top selling cars come with direct fuel injection pumps. Nissan Sylphy and Volkswagen Lavida are exception as they feature dual injection technology.
The stricter emission norms released with the implementation of BS-VI engines, will increase the demand for cleaner engines to be produced thus propelling the pumps market. Most of the top selling cars come with multi point fuel injection for petrol and CRDI for diesel engines.
Automakers are trying constantly to produce light weight pump system so as to increase the fuel efficiency of the cars by reducing the overall weight particularly in the high performance vehicle segment.
Ongoing rapid transformation towards the electric vehicles will stunt the growth of the automotive pumps sector. The incompatibility of pumps in the absence of engine it will encourage the automakers to find new ways of adoption. Thus the continuous research in this field is expected to boost the market.
The manufacturers are making new range of fuel pumps to provide high fuel efficient engines which has higher flow rate of fuel to the engine and also equipped new valve to prevent fuel overfill. The advent of automatic transmission has led to development of auxiliary electric transmission pumps.
The leading companies manufacturing automotive pumps are Johnson Electric (Hong Kong), Denso (Japan), Delphi (UK), SHW (Germany), Aisin Seiki (Japan) and Rheinmetall AG (Germany). Sogefi from Italy are leading the production of transmission pumps.
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