Global All-wheel drive(AWD)and 4-wheel drive(4WD) Market 2021-2026

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    Published- Oct 2021

    Number Of Pages – 94

    GLOBAL ALL WHEEL DRIVE(AWD) MARKET

    KEY FINDINGS

    1. In Japan, 43 out of top 45 best-selling vehicles, offer 4WD atleast as an option. E-4WD is getting increasingly popular on higher variants of hybrid vehicles 
    2. US is the single largest market for AWD globally, followed by China and Europe
    3. The rise of intelligent AWD and E-AWD is the biggest trend fuelled by growth of compact and mid-size SUV/crossovers
    4. In Europe, less penetration of AWD/4WD cars in major automobile markets such as Germany, UK and France have resulted in rather modest numbers of AWD in the entire Europe region
    5. 4×4 adoption in India is among the lowest compared to major markets as the budget models sub $15k dominate the top sellers category

     

    OEM`S IMPROVEMENT IN THEIR ALL WHEEL DRIVE SYSTEM

    Toyota’s newly developed 4WD system, has a front and rear variable driving force system enabled by a multi-plate clutch. It  transfers the power of the new engine to all four wheels with minimal loss. Toyota also started offering E-AWD for the first time in US market on Toyota Prius Sedan.

     

    The E-AWD doesn`t require  a center differential or other torque splitting device, like front to rear driveshaft. It has an independent electric, motor (without magnet) to power the rear wheels from 0 to 10 kph,  up to 43 mph. It can also sense when AWD is not required.

     

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    Audi`s new and improved Quattro, wheel-selective torque control enhances handling by ensuring additional traction across each axle through individual-wheel braking, whereas on 2020 RS7, drive forces are distributed to the front and rear axles in a 40:60 ratio via the mechanical center differential. In 2019 Q5 The Q5 55 TFSI, the  all-wheel drive with ultra technology is used in combination with an electric motor. The all-wheel drive system’s intelligent control also works predictively i.e. always looking ahead via sensors and the continuous actuation as per data collected on driving dynamics and driver behavior.

     

    Mercedes`s new 4MATIC can send from 0 to 100% of the engine’s torque to front or rear axle. A transfer case with a multi-disc clutch can vary the torque distribution as per road condition.

     

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    Cadillac introduced a new twin clutch design AWD in the US market on 2017 XT5 . The AWD system is capable of transferring up to 100% of available torque to either the front or rear axle. On the rear axle, the electronically controlled differential can provide up to 100% of available torque to either wheels.

     

    MARKET SEGMENTATION

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    GLOBAL AWD MARKET DYNAMICS

     

    SI No Timeline Company/Country Developments
    1 December 2021 GKN Driveline GKN Driveline has launched Advanced Research Centre in the UK in order to develop next-generation eDrive Systems for future EVs in the country. The centre is expected to produce a pipeline for automotive electrification innovation
    2 October 2021 BorgWarner BorgWarner will be supplying its P3 Hybrid Module to one of the major OEMs in Europe. It will be used in FWD & AWD of the SUV lineup of the OEM. This module contains the motor, power electronics, gears and water cooling all integrated within one unit.
    3 2021 Japan The 4WD volume is higher in Japan than any other regions as the 4×4 adoption is common among mini-vehicles and MPVs too
    4 2021 US More than half of the 4WD/AWD new car registered every year is from the US. High sales of SUVs and Pick-up trucks are the major factors boosting this segment

     

    MARKET SIZE AND FORECAST

    SUVs/Crossovers/light pickups accounted for 36% of global light vehicle production in 2018 or ~29 Million vehicles. AWD/4WD was offered on less than 40% of all SUVs sold.

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    US ALL WHEEL DRIVE MARKET

    In US among top-7 models, 6 of them come with AWD technology and Chevrolet Equinox has a 4-WD variant. As many as 17 models out of top 30 feature either AWD or 4-WD. Among EVs, the rise in number of sales in Tesla models has propelled the AWD numbers, as except for 1 variant in Model 3 all the other models come with AWD feature as standard.

     

     

    EUROPE ALL WHEEL DRIVE MARKET

    The percentage of adoption of 4WD or AWD in the new car registrations in the region is as low as ~22%. Countries such a Switzerland, Norway & Sweden have close to 50% penetration, whereas the major countries Germany, France, UK and others are around 20%.   

     

     

    INDIA ALL WHEEL DRIVE MARKET

    With the upcoming SUV launches in the pipeline, such as Toyota RAV4, Skoda Kamiq, will increase the penetration of AWD in the region. With the entry of MG IC & EV models and Kia models the AWD. Mahindra Thar is the cheapest 4×4 vehicle in the country.

     

     

    JAPAN ALL WHEEL DRIVE MARKET

    In December 2020, for the first time Nissan has introduced AWD variant in Note EV model, its Gasoline variant is the top selling Nissan model in the country. The new Note is equipped with dual electric motors at front and rear delivering power to each wheel. Note e-Power offers linear acceleration that is unique to the 100% electric motor-driven system

    Borg Warner will supply the transfer cases for Nissan’s SUV and pick-up models. These transfer cases offer various operating ranges including 2-WD, 4-WD (high) & 4-WD (low).

     

    RECENT TRENDS IN THE GLOBAL AWD MARKET

    SI No Timeline Company Developments
    1 December 2021 Magna International Magna has developed a new all-electric powertrain and it is expected to be featured in a new entrant vehicle in 2022. The complete system is comprised of two electric motors, inverters and gearboxes. It is a complete powertrain with AWD option
    2 July 2021 Hyundai Transys Hyundai Transys introduced an EV AWD disconnector system. This device will be used to the EV system’s reducer, disconnecting or connecting motors. This helps in disconnecting the secondary axle from AWD system when not necessary
    3 June 2021 American Axle & Manufacturing American Axle & Manufacturing installed a new production line at its Three Rivers Manufacturing Facility (TRMF) in Michigan in order to expand automotive axle-production capacity. The $40.6-million investment It produces various automotive driveline products, including front and rear axles and EcoTrac disconnecting all-wheel-drive systems
    4 January 2021 Hyundai-WIA HYUNDAI-WIA developed South Korea’s ‘Integrated Coolant Distribution Supply Module’, a thermal management system for electric vehicle that integrates EV driveline and battery parts.

     

     

    COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

    SI No Timeline Company Developments
    1 Q3-2021 BorgWarner Q3 Sales of BorgWarner witnessed ~7% decrease in sales compared to the same period in 2020 and ended at $3.4B. However, the sales after 9 months in 2021 was $ 11.1B with a 79% increase Y-o-Y
    2 Q3-2021 Magna International In the 3rd Quarter of 2021, Magna International’s revenue dropped by 13% to $ 7.9B compared to same period in 2020. After 9 months in 2021, the overall revenue was $27.1B up by 22% 
    3 H1-2021 GKN Automotive After 6 months in 2021, the revenue generated from GKN Automotive was $2.6B. All Wheel Drive segment accounted for 24% of the overall revenue 
    4 H1-2021 ZF Friedrichshafen In H1-2021 the sales revenue of ZF increased by~43% compared to this period in 2020.

     

    There are 9 major tier-1 AWD /4WD suppliers globally. Among sub-component suppliers, Continental is the leading provider of control units whereas Eaton is among the biggest differential providers. BorgWarner, Dana, American Axle are among the leaders in the North american market whereas JTEKT is the leader in the Japanese market.

     

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    As Vehicle electrification is a prominent trend globally,  Borg Warner optimized its latest generation of its all-wheel drive (AWD) coupling with a compact brushless direct current (BLDC) motor and highly integrated electronics.It also includes  an integrated electronic control unit (ECU) which reduces cost and improves packaging.

     

    South Korea based Hyundai- WIA supplied AWD on various Hyundai and KIA models.

     

     

    With growing demand for electric drive module:

     

    • BorgWarner is supplying its GenV AWD coupling to the German auto manufacturer BMW. AWD coupling employs a hydraulic actuator to apply variable force to the clutch package using hydraulic pressure and a working piston.
    • BorgWarner’s electric drive module  entered serial production in Jan 2019.The fully integrated drive module (iDM) also includes developed power electronics which can be integrated either at the front or the rear axle of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles depending on the architecture and the application
    • DANA is supplying its Spicer AdvanTEK M180 all-wheel-drive axle to the new, Volkswagen Crafter 4 Motion panel van. It is also supplying  Spicer SmartConnect disconnecting all-wheel-drive (AWD) systems for the global 2019 Ford Edge 
    • Jaguar’s first all-electric production vehicle, the I-PACE, features American Axle & Manufacturing’s all-wheel-drive front and rear e-Drive units

     

     

    THIS REPORT WILL ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS

    1.   Market Size and Forecast of global AWD and 4WD market (Volume and Value)
    2.   Market Trends,risks, drivers and opportunities in global all wheel drive market
    3.   Market share of AWD manufacturers in US,Europe and China
    4.   Growth strategy and expansion plans of AWD manufacturers 
    5.   OE-supplier alignment in global all wheel drive market
    1 Market Segmentation 3
    2 Executive Summary 5-8
    3 Introduction 9-15
    4 Insights from Industry stakeholders 16-17
    5 4WD/AWD Manufacturing in US, Europe and China 18-19
    6 AWD improvement trends, by OEM 20-23
    7 AWD penetration, by OEM 24-27
    8 4WD Penetration, by OEM 29-32
    9 Breakdown of new concept vehicles by Driveline 33-38
    10 AWD/4WD Light-weighting trends 39-41
    11 Improvement in Differential and Transfer case technology 41-44
    12 Growth in E-AWD 44-47
    13 Global Market split by FWD, RWD and AWD-2019 48-51
    14 Impact of EV sales on AWD Market 52-55
    15 Market Size, Dynamics and Forecast by Driveline 56-75
    16 Market Size, Dynamics and Forecast by Vehicle type 76-90
    17 Market Size, Dynamics and Forecast by Geography 91-115
    18 Market Size, Dynamics and Forecast by OEM 116-130
    19 Competitive Landscape 131-133
    20 OE-Supplier alignment 134-135
    21 Market share of suppliers 136
    22 Company Profiles 137-147
    23 Unmet needs and Market Opportunity for suppliers 148
    24 Conclusion 149
    25 Appendix 150
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