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Published- Oct 2021
Number Of Pages – 94
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Toyota’s newly developed 4WD system, has a front and rear variable driving force system enabled by a multi-plate clutch. It transfers the power of the new engine to all four wheels with minimal loss. Toyota also started offering E-AWD for the first time in US market on Toyota Prius Sedan.
The E-AWD doesn`t require a center differential or other torque splitting device, like front to rear driveshaft. It has an independent electric, motor (without magnet) to power the rear wheels from 0 to 10 kph, up to 43 mph. It can also sense when AWD is not required.
Audi`s new and improved Quattro, wheel-selective torque control enhances handling by ensuring additional traction across each axle through individual-wheel braking, whereas on 2020 RS7, drive forces are distributed to the front and rear axles in a 40:60 ratio via the mechanical center differential. In 2019 Q5 The Q5 55 TFSI, the all-wheel drive with ultra technology is used in combination with an electric motor. The all-wheel drive system’s intelligent control also works predictively i.e. always looking ahead via sensors and the continuous actuation as per data collected on driving dynamics and driver behavior.
Mercedes`s new 4MATIC can send from 0 to 100% of the engine’s torque to front or rear axle. A transfer case with a multi-disc clutch can vary the torque distribution as per road condition.
Cadillac introduced a new twin clutch design AWD in the US market on 2017 XT5 . The AWD system is capable of transferring up to 100% of available torque to either the front or rear axle. On the rear axle, the electronically controlled differential can provide up to 100% of available torque to either wheels.
In order to up its technological game, Tata Motors intends to introduce four-wheel drive in its upcoming all-electric SUVs, which will sit above the Nexon EV lineup. None of its internal combustion engine SUVs currently available offer 4WD, a feature offered by Mahindra and other competitors in the market. Recently, Maruti Suzuki added all-wheel drive to its Grand Vitara mid-size SUV.
SUVs/Crossovers/light pickups accounted for 36% of global light vehicle production in 2018 or ~29 Million vehicles. AWD/4WD was offered on less than 40% of all SUVs sold.
In US among top-7 models, 6 of them come with AWD technology and Chevrolet Equinox has a 4-WD variant. As many as 17 models out of top 30 feature either AWD or 4-WD. Among EVs, the rise in number of sales in Tesla models has propelled the AWD numbers, as except for 1 variant in Model 3 all the other models come with AWD feature as standard.
The percentage of adoption of 4WD or AWD in the new car registrations in the region is as low as ~22%. Countries such a Switzerland, Norway & Sweden have close to 50% penetration, whereas the major countries Germany, France, UK and others are around 20%.
With the upcoming SUV launches in the pipeline, such as Toyota RAV4, Skoda Kamiq, will increase the penetration of AWD in the region. With the entry of MG IC & EV models and Kia models the AWD. Mahindra Thar is the cheapest 4×4 vehicle in the country.
In December 2020, for the first time Nissan has introduced AWD variant in Note EV model, its Gasoline variant is the top selling Nissan model in the country. The new Note is equipped with dual electric motors at front and rear delivering power to each wheel. Note e-Power offers linear acceleration that is unique to the 100% electric motor-driven system
Borg Warner will supply the transfer cases for Nissan’s SUV and pick-up models. These transfer cases offer various operating ranges including 2-WD, 4-WD (high) & 4-WD (low).
Based on the new Ranger ute, the second-generation Ford Everest SUV will feature a tough ladder-frame chassis, a dependable four-wheel-drive system, and potent diesel engines. It adopts the F-150’s front fascia, just like the new Ranger, and the top-tier model comes with a potent turbo-diesel V6.
The Jeep Wrangler, Land Rover Defender, and even the Toyota LandCruiser are among the targets of the Ineos Grenadier. Both gasoline and diesel engines will be available for the large SUV, with the former producing about 212kW/450Nm from a 3.0-liter inline six and the latter about 185kW/550Nm.
An eight-speed automatic transmission will be mated to both, and a permanent four-wheel-drive system and three locking differentials will be available for when the going gets tough.
Entegra Coach is the smoothest ride in a Class B vehicle to date. It is built on the Sprinter 4X4 Premium Mercedes-Benz chassis with on-demand four-wheel drive and equipped with E-Z Drive. Despite being luxurious, it has a standard 48V 210 amp hour smart lithium battery and 200 watts of roof-mounted solar panels, so it can handle your off-grid adventures.
There are 9 major tier-1 AWD /4WD suppliers globally. Among sub-component suppliers, Continental is the leading provider of control units whereas Eaton is among the biggest differential providers. BorgWarner, Dana, American Axle are among the leaders in the North american market whereas JTEKT is the leader in the Japanese market.
As Vehicle electrification is a prominent trend globally, Borg Warner optimized its latest generation of its all-wheel drive (AWD) coupling with a compact brushless direct current (BLDC) motor and highly integrated electronics.It also includes an integrated electronic control unit (ECU) which reduces cost and improves packaging.
South Korea based Hyundai- WIA supplied AWD on various Hyundai and KIA models.
With growing demand for electric drive module:
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