CountryAfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAntigua & BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBosnia & HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiaComorosCongoCongo Democratic RepublicCosta RicaCote d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEast TimorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea NorthKorea SouthKosovoKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmar (Burma)NamibiaNauruNepalThe NetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestinian State*PanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruThe PhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSt. Kitts & NevisSt. LuciaSt. Vincent & The GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome & PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad & TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited States of AmericaUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican City (Holy See)VenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe
Multi User License - $2,500
Hydrogen fuel cell technology enables the development of powertrains that do not produce tailpipe greenhouse gases or other hazardous pollutants like nitrogen oxides and particulate matter.
This feature encourages vendors to use this technology. However, the expensive cost of raw materials like platinum in the fuel cell anode and carbon fibre to manufacture the hydrogen fuel tanks, as well as other materials necessary to construct hydrogen infrastructure, is predicted to stymie the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.
As public concern about environmental deterioration and the depletion of natural resources grows, different technologies that promote the eco-friendly notion of environmental sustainability are being introduced.
A hydrogen fuel cell vehicle’s on-board electric motor is powered by a hydrogen fuel cell. Hydrogen is used to power a hydrogen fuel cell, which produces energy.
Hydrogen fuel cell cars have a significant potential for lowering transportation-related pollutants. Unlike diesel and gasoline cars, this vehicle produces no greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while in operation.
The expense of a hydrogen fuel cell powertrain system is presently a major impediment to implementation. It is much higher than the powertrain of a battery electric car.
The fuel cell stack, which is the heart of the hydrogen fuel cell powertrain, accounts for around half of the system’s cost. Hydrogen is an energy carrier with enormous promise for clean, efficient power generation in fixed, portable, and transportation applications.
It is envisioned as a key component of the future transportation fuel mix, improving energy security, lowering oil reliance, greenhouse gas emissions, and air pollution.
Europe is making strides in developing a possible commercial vehicle fleet market all over the union nations as it has been expanding rapidly in terms of industrial mobilization with more and more interfaces of talks being held across for renewable energy-based procurement and installations being setup at varied amounts of items.
Europe has one of the most established hydrogen marketplaces in the world, accounting for more than half of all projects. Both the United Kingdom and the European Union have plans to expand their hydrogen offerings and have pledged to reach production capacities of five gigatons (GW) and 40 GW, respectively, by 2030.
Despite the sector’s maturity, Europe’s hydrogen still requires significant development in order to meet net zero objectives and become a viable fuel source for automotive applications.
The difficulty with this approach is that it relies on fossil fuel to create hydrogen, which contradicts hydrogen’s stated advantage in terms of sustainability over gasoline and diesel-powered cars.
The next step for Europe has been to make hydrogen-powered cars economically feasible. If demand for hydrogen stays low, the expense of generating and providing hydrogen may be passed on to end consumers.
This would imply that hydrogen vehicles would be more expensive to operate than both battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fossil-fuelled vehicles. As a result, any technology that may reduce costs is critical to increasing acceptance.
Fuel cell electric cars convert hydrogen into electricity on a continuous basis, which charges the vehicle’s battery. The majority of surplus energy may be stored to assist power the vehicle through a technique known as regenerative braking. If, on the other hand, the battery is already completely charged or
The Europe Hydrogen Vehicle Market can be segmented into following categories for further analysis.
In the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan, which was published alongside the Energy Policy Package in January 2008, hydrogen and fuel cell technologies were listed as among the new energy technologies required to achieve a 60% to 80% decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
The Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Platform was established in 2003 to recognize the potential of fuel cells and hydrogen to improve energy security and combat climate change.
Fuel cell electric cars convert hydrogen into electricity on a continuous basis, which charges the vehicle’s battery. The majority of surplus energy may be stored to assist power the vehicle through a technique known as regenerative braking.
However, if the battery is already fully charged or if the system fails, there must be a mechanism in place to disperse the excess energy. A dynamic braking resistor (DBR) is one of the most effective methods of safely dissipating surplus energy while keeping the system functioning.
It is a water-cooled resistor that provides for safe dissipation without the use of additional components, resulting in an 80% weight reduction when compared to a typical air-cooled DBR.
These weight-saving qualities lower the vehicle’s burden, allowing it to drive further on the same amount of energy. This is especially useful for weight-sensitive freight vehicles like pulp and paper or iron and steel transport.
The Europe market has been making a focused approach of operations throughout the requirements of the union as part of the green energy approach and carbon negative emissions being met as a goal of importance.
The European Union has been making its focus largely on the planned approach of better optimizations and better EV integrations into the commercial vehicles market as well.
Toyota Europe has been part of the latest development and trend towards hydrogen-based vehicle development and manufacturing. Hydrogen Mobility Europe (H2ME) is a flagship project aimed at developing the first truly pan-European network of hydrogen refuelling stations.
This is a giant leap forward for the hydrogen society, giving drivers of hydrogen-powered vehicles access to fuelling stations on a much more basic level.
The aim of the H2ME Project is to demonstrate the technical and commercial readiness of hydrogen vehicles, fuelling stations and production techniques, through significantly expanding the European hydrogen-powered vehicles fleet.
Under the same propulsion funding, Toyota Mirai Second generation has been developed with driving range extended by up to 30%, a more exciting drive and improved acceleration.
The newest rear wheel drive modular platform architecture not only supports the new Mirai’s innovative hydrogen fuel cell powertrain and rear wheel drive, but also allows for higher body stiffness, resulting in improved agility and responsiveness, while its lower center of gravity assists in agile handling.
The improved fuel cell stack is to blame for the Toyota Mirai’s smooth acceleration and refined driving experience.
BMW is part of the current improvisation programme of Hydrogen Fuel Cell stack-based vehicles in the European Nations. The fuel cell system for the powertrain for the BMW Hydrogen NEXT generates up to 125 kW (170 hp) of electric power from the chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen from the ambient air.
This indicates that the car emits just water vapour. The electric converter, which is positioned beneath the fuel cell, adjusts the voltage level to that of both the electric powertrain and the peak power battery, which is fed by both braking energy and fuel cell energy.
The vehicle also has two 700 bar tanks that can store a total of six kilos of hydrogen. The fifth-generation e Drive unit, which will debut in the BMW iX3, is completely incorporated into the BMW I Hydrogen NEXT as well.
When overtaking or accelerating, the peak power battery located above the electric motor adds an extra dose of dynamics. The 275 kW (374 hp) total system output feeds the usual driving dynamics for which BMW is famous.
This hydrogen fuel cell electric powertrain will be piloted in a limited series based on the existing BMW X5, which the BMW Group intends to introduce in 2022.
© Copyright 2021. Mobility Foresights. All Rights Reserved.