- Europe and China cumulatively accounted for 86% of the global e-axle market value in 2021 and the share will grow to 87% in 2027. PHEV passenger cars will remain the dominant application, followed by electric buses
- There is a shift in usage of e-axle among passenger vehicles, before it was for easier implementation and quick shift from ICE to plugged in, but now dedicated platforms are being built which will use e-axles such as Geely’s SEA platform
- Increasing focus on bus and truck electrification is an e-axle opportunity in Europe. Buses will be the main focus till 2027, while electrified trucks will gather pace after 2025
- The average price of E-Axle in Chinese market is $XX at present and is likely to go up to $XX by 2027 due to increase in plugged in vehicle sales for both passenger and commercial especially BEVs
- Traction Motor is often the most expensive component of an e-axle roughly accounts for XX% of the total cost, followed by power electronics
- E-axles will remain XX% more expensive than the low cost, individually bought/manufactured traction motor + transmission combo
- The main components of E-axles such as Motor, Power Electronics and Batteries are highly heat producing hence OEMs look to integrate the best possible thermal management solutions for high output
- Electric vehicles (EVs) featuring 800V electrical systems could achieve much faster charging and reduced weight, allowing them to travel further between charges and to function well with a flexible e-axle model.
- BorgWarner’s integrated drive module (iDM) was selected by the Hyundai Motor Group for its power electric system, which will be used in the upcoming A-segment electric vehicle production, planned to start in mid of 2023.
- Exro to partner with Linamar to develop advanced e-Axle with Coil Driver intelligent coil switching. Initial demonstration of this technology will utilize Linamar’s Medium-Duty eAxle product.
An e-axle combines electric motor, power inverter, transmission and differential in a single package. It allows neat packaging and simplified integration in even older vehicle platforms.
GKN produced world`s first mass production two speed e-axle in 2014, for BMW i8. The development came at a time when most of the EV transmission in use was single speed.
E-AXLE MARKET DYNAMICS
|1||2021||Nidec||Nidec expects to have produced more than 10 million E-Axle units by 2030.It is boosting it’s speed of R&D to construct traction motor mass-production systems globally in order to obtain a 40–45 percent global market share.|
|2||2021||GKN Driveline||The world’s first two-speed eDrive system made feasible by GKN Automotive’s global competence in high-performance torque system integration.|
The initial adoption of E-axles, started as a result of growth in all wheel drive (AWD), where some premium vehicle manufacturers replaced mechanical AWD with e-AWD.
The move was aimed at providing AWD with torque vectoring and reduced CO2 emission. Going forward, we believe this global trend of vehicle electrification will be a major growth driver for E-axle market.
The supply chain of EV manufacturing is completely different than gas powered cars. Also, the supply chain of EVs is still evolving whereas that of gas powered cars is matured and well established. This marked difference in production of EVs has led many OEMs create a separate brand for their “green vehicle” segment.
Owing to complexity in EV manufacturing, OEMs are designing modular and scalable electric vehicle architecture. The advantage being, they could source just one e-axle from a supplier rather than sourcing individual power-train components from multiple suppliers.
The market trend is clearly towards more compact, power dense and efficient E-axles.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. has placed orders for electric axles for mid-size and large-size battery-electric vehicles with Hitachi Astemo, Ltd., a world leader in electrification.
As a systems integrator, Hitachi Astemo will provide Honda with a high-performance, integrated drive unit, with the e-Axle system combining a highly effective silicon carbide (SiC) inverter, a square-wire, low-loss, and high-efficiency motor, and a small, silent gearbox from a gearbox manufacturer.
E-AXLE MARKET SEGMENTATION
E-AXLE MARKET SIZE AND FORECAST
|1||9 Sept 2021||Vitesco||Started the market launch of its fully integrated electric axle drives (EMR3) for Dongfeng Passenger Car Corporation.|
|4 Jan 2021||Schaeffler|| Initiated production of 2-in-1 electric axles at its production plant in Taicang, China. The 2-in-1 electric axle integrates a reduction transmission and electric motor into one compact unit. |
|2||13 July 2021||Dana||Started the market launch of its fully integrated electric axle drives (EMR3) for Dongfeng Passenger Car Corporation.|
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SEGMENT
In the commercial vehicle segment, Nikola will generate bulk of the demand for CV e-axle in US as it had 14,000+ pre-orders for its long haul, fuel cell electric truck as of Q3 2020.GM and a few fleet operators were also interested in developing a light pickup truck with Nikola but during Sep-Dec 2020 many deals fell apart.
Nikola is now solely focussed on its core product “ electric truck” which it plans to mass produce this year/
As city planning authorities tighten the noose on urban CO2 emissions, the LCVs used for last mile distribution will be electrified first. Dana is already working with Workhorse to create last mile delivery EV platform and supplying Dongfeng in China with e-axles.
Hyzon Motors, has developed a new eAxle design which provides extremely high efficiency for 6×4 Class-8 commercial vehicles.
Hyzon’s eAxle eliminates right-angle hypoid gears, and uses one motor per wheel with optimized performances both at low speed and high speed. Paired with a virtual differential, the design achieves efficiency of up to 97%, compared to industry-standard 95%.
Allison, ZF, Bosch, and AxleTech are some of the major suppliers who have launched e-axles for different segments of commercial vehicles
MAN and Volkswagen in South America have chosen Meritor to supply e-axles. In Q3-2019,Meritor under its Blue Horizon product line, developed the 12Xe axle for Class 4, 5, 6 and 7 applications and the 17Xe axle for heavy-duty 4×2 and 6×2 trucks.
It is striving to become an end to end e-mobility powertrain provider for commercial vehicles including battery packs, controls, and e-drive module.
We expect many more collaborations in coming years. Allison, ZF, Bosch, and AxleTech are some of the major suppliers who have launched e-axles for different segments of commercial vehicles
|Sl no||OEM||Vehicle type||Mass production timeline||E-Axle Remarks|
|1||BYD||Fuel Cell Electric bus||2022-2025||No|
|2||Thomas Built||Electric School bus||2021||No|
|3||Peterbilt||Class 8 Electric truck||2021||Yes|
|4||Daimler Trucks||Electric Linehaul truck||2021||No|
|5||Blue Bird and Lion Buses||Electric transit bus||2019||No|
|6||Nikola Motors||Class 8 Electric truck||2021||Yes|
PASSENGER VEHICLE SEGMENT
China accounts for 50% of global EV sales, almost all domestic manufacturers have declared plans to set up a separate EV brand, but very few of them have fitted their vehicles with an e-axle.
In 2021, EV sales increased by about 153% year-over-year, from 1.27 million in 2020 to 3.22 million. BEVs comprised 82.6% and PHEVs comprised 17.4% of total EV sales in 2021
The EV market in China is heavily skewed towards low powered compacts using single speed transmission. The entry level cars(A00 and A0 segment) made up for just 18% share of overall NEV car sales in 2021
Read our EV transmission report to know more about it.
In passenger vehicle segment, Europe is leading and also driving global market growth for E-axles.BMW+ Mini was the market leader in EV(BEV+ PHEV)s in Europe, it had 15% share of ~500,000 EVs sold in Europe in 2019 but in 2020 its share reduced to 7% .
The E-axle equipped 2 Series Active Tourer sales grew by more than 6% in 2019.Going forward, the sales of BMW and Mini PHEVs will have a significant impact on E-axle volumes in Europe.
Audi is trying to catch-up fast and announced in Feb 2019 that it will start offering PHEV variants of its high-end models like A6,A7, A8 and Q5.But, it is more likely to use dedicated hybrid transmission than E-axle.
The onset of WLTP in Europe in Sep`18 has provided a much needed boost to EV manufacturing in the region and driven PHEV adoption.
In US, where SUVs and Pickups make up for ~71% of annual new car sales, ~25-28%of those vehicles are fitted with mechanical 4WD/AWD. As the average transaction prices of SUVs and pickups now exceed $45,000, we expect few of them to be powered by E-axle in their next refresh/update.
Tesla had 72% market share of electric vehicles in US, and 21% share of global BEVs in 2021, but it does not have e-axle in any of them.It uses its in-house developed induction/PMSRM motors for propulsion.Tesla Model 3 is the best-selling passenger car globally, in terms of revenue, generating ~$8 Billion in US alone.
GLOBAL E-AXLE MARKET NEW ACQUISITION
Noscos, a provider of AI/ML solutions for video and images based in Riga, Latvia, has been purchased by Axle ai, a software firm that enables remote work for video teams. Noscos has developed pioneering face recognition and logo recognition software tools, as well as intuitive user interfaces for training these systems on massive datasets, with the support of Overkill Ventures.
Despite the fact that axle ai had previously created its own in-house face recognition libraries and worked with Microsoft’s Video Indexer technology, they elected to partner with Noscos first, then buy the company, its developers, and IP due to the clear benefits of Noscos’ approach. Arturs Sprogis, PhD, a cofounder of Noscos, has joined axle as Senior R&D manager, overseeing a merged team of engineers headquartered mostly in Latvia.
According to market research firm IDC, the amount of data generated globally is expected to grow rapidly to 175 zettabytes. Another advantage of the axle ai systems is that they enable remote access to high-resolution media processes for the first time using web browsers.
NOSCOS’ solutions, which will be renamed axle Faces and axle Logos, have several distinct advantages versus AI/ML toolsets from large-scale cloud providers such as Microsoft, Google, and Amazon.
By announcing the acquisition of Meritor, a Michigan-based provider of drivetrain, mobility, brakes, aftermarket, and electric powertrain solutions for commercial vehicle and industrial applications, Cummins has taken another step toward its aim of creating zero-carbon solutions.
The information comes after Cummins recently revealed new engine platforms that can run on a range of fuels, including hydrogen and natural gas.
The development of economically feasible zero-carbon solutions for commercial and industrial applications is one of the most important technological issues of our time. Meritor is a leader in the field, and the inclusion of their complementary skills will help us handle this challenge.
The acquisition, according to Cummins, will hasten the development of its electric-power solutions. E-axles are one topic that the engine manufacturer is interested in.
“Cummins thinks that eAxles will play a crucial role in the integration of hybrid and electric drivetrains. Cummins anticipates providing market-leading solutions to clients worldwide by stepping up Meritor’s commitment in electrification and integrating development inside its New Power business.
According to Cummins, the acquisition is anticipated to generate synergies in cost-cutting, supply chain efficiency, and acceleration of Meritor’s core axle and brake business.
Dana Incorporated has announced the addition of a line of single and tandem e-Axles to its Spicer Electrified e-Powertrain products for a variety of Class 7 and 8 applications.
Dana’s existing heavy-duty electric-vehicle (EV) e-Propulsion systems, which are currently powering thousands of vehicles across the world, are supplemented by the Spicer ElectrifiedTM Zero-8 e-Axles.
The Zero-8 e-Axles are precision developed for demanding over-the-road applications, utilising Dana’s most robust and efficient driving axle technology.
Dana’s approach to meeting the diverse landscape of Class 7 and 8 EV architectures with multi-faceted electric powertrain solutions, including systems for direct drive and now 4×2, 6×2, and 6×4 multi-speed e-Axle systems, is supported by the new e-Axle portfolio.
Dana has taken its expertise in heavy-duty e-Powertrain systems around the world to develop a complementary series of e-Axles that provide optimal efficiency, performance, and dependability.
These new product platforms make use of our proven vertically integrated motors and inverters to increase packaging and efficiency for our customers’ electric car needs.
The new e-Axles are designed to fit into most existing chassis with ease. Dana’s vertically integrated and long-standing technology, such as Dana TM4TM motors and inverters, Spicer high-efficiency axle gearing, Graziano synchronizers, transmission controllers, system software, and shift system and controls, are all utilised in the platform.
A new 4-in-1 e-axle has been released by electric drivetrain manufacturer Schaeffler. “Such highly integrated complete systems are attractive for both established and new players in the automotive industry. The electric motor, power electronics, transmission, and thermal management system are all contained within the e-4-in-1 axle’s layout.
In comparison to non-integrated solutions, this results in a highly integrated and compact complete system. Because Schaeffler’s experts always take into account the thermal behavior of individual drive components like the electric motor or the power electronics as well as the most effective and thorough thermal management of the entire vehicle, the design also offers efficiency.
The Ampere-220 electric axle drive was unveiled by British electric drive expert Equipmake. It combines one or two 220-kW motors with all power electronics, including silicon carbide inverters and gearboxes, in a single unit and is intended for manufacturers of high-performance electric vehicles.
The Ampere-220 has a power density of 11 kW per kg, which is more than twice that of a typical electric motor and only 20 kilogrammes in weight. The electric drive system for the two-motor version has a total weight of 85 kg and provides 440 kW of peak power per axle. At the Equipmake headquarters in Snetterton, County Norfolk, England, the electric axle drive is created.
At the IAA transport show in Hannover, Germany, Volvo Trucks unveiled a brand-new, entirely electric rear axle. The new e-axle allows for the addition of more batteries, extending the range of Volvo’s battery-powered trucks even further. The ability to travel farther thanks to more batteries opens up the possibility of electrifying long-distance transportation.
The extra room is useful for installing other components on the fuel cell electric trucks that will be available in the second half of this decade. This is a significant development for electric trucks and a strong indication that there will soon be a great need for public fast-charging stations for large trucks, especially along highways.
In order to jointly develop heavy-duty Class 7 and Class 8 battery-electric vehicles, Xos, Inc., a leading manufacturer and services provider of Class 5 through Class 8 battery-electric vehicles, powertrains, charging infrastructure, and fleet management software, has partnered with Allison Transmission, Inc., the world’s largest manufacturer of commercial-duty, fully-automatic transmissions and a leading manufacturer of electric hybrid and fully-electric propulsion systems.
To be integrated, tested, and validated in Xos-designed and -built heavy-duty vehicle platforms, Allison has provided the initial eGen Power e-Axle hardware. Additional eGen Power 100S and 100D units will be delivered to Xos by Allison.
The first-ever e-Beam axle for EKA Mobility’s 2.5T battery electric commercial vehicle will be provided by American Axle & Manufacturing Inc. (AAM), a top global Tier 1 automotive supplier of driveline and metal forming technologies. This collaboration was announced by both companies.
|Supplier||Weight(Kg)||Max Power output(kW)||Start of Production||Passenger vehicles||Commercial vehicle|
Low scale of EVs has not allowed suppliers to achieve economies of scale. Further, the OEM margins on BEVs and PHEVs are already low, as the market is driven more by regulation than consumer demand.
There are about 15 Tier-1 suppliers active in E-axle market. GKN is the undisputed market leader in this space but its leadership is likely to be challenged in coming years by Nidec. In Feb 2020, Nidec launched two E-axles i.e. a 50kW version for PHEVs/Kei cars where it has no presence as of date and a 200kW version which will be aimed at Premium BEVs.
Nidec’s products are used in GAC’s Aion S, Aion LX, Aion V, GAC Toyota’s iA5, Hycan 007 and Geometry C. They expect innovators to utilise E-axle in their vehicle range which will later shift to early adopters and early majority. Nidec believed, the profits will mainly come from early adopters onwards post 2025
GKN`s products have featured on more than 15 EV models across the globe. In addition, it has a very diverse portfolio including single-speed, co-axial and multi-speed e-axles which allows it to cater to diverse requirements and gives it an edge over others.
In Q3-2019, Vitesco( Continental) struck deal with PSA and Hyundai for supply of E-axles to high volume platforms. Vitesco`s new electric drive system will be supplied for PSA`s e-CMP modular electric platform, powering battery electric vehicle models such as the Peugeot e-208 and Opel Corsa-e. The Hyundai China through its joint venture Beijing Hyundai will equip two models with Vitesco Technologies’ electric drive system: the Encino compact SUV and the Lafesta sedan.
To learn more about the e-axle market from a supplier point of view. Read our article E-axle market, an unmissable opportunity for auto suppliers
Bosch has a more versatile and scalable product, which can cater to passenger as well as commercial vehicles but its market reach has been limited so far. There are also some new entrants like Sona Group, Hyllion and AxleTech(now acquired by Meritor).
The biggest challenge for E-axle suppliers is to fight of competition from hybrid transmissions in PHEVs and single speed(very cost effective) transmission in BEVs. The cost factor is secondary because conversion of an ICE only to PHEV costs about $4,000 including batteries.
- Robert Bosch GmbH
- GKN Driveline
- Linamar Corporation
- AVL List GmbH
- ZF Friedrichshafen
- Dana Incorporated
- Continental AG
- Nidec Corporation
- Schaeffler Group
- Magna International
- American Axle Manufacturing
- The Sona Group
THIS ELECTRIC AXLE DRIVE SYSTEMS MARKET REPORT WILL ANSWER FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
- The market size (volume-Units and value-$M) of global E-axle Market in 2022-2027 and every year in between?
- Market size and forecast segmented by application, geography, power output and EV type
- Market dynamics(trends, risks and opportunities), by region
- Present and forecasted sub-components margin
- Market share of suppliers in BEV and PHEV segment respectively
- About new companies active in this market
- Cost breakup of E-axle
- Latest trends in E-axle market
- Disruptive innovations in E-axle market
- Breakdown of new Electric concept vehicles by powertrain
- Future e-axle evolution roadmap
- E-Axle manufacturing in US, Europe and China
- OEM-supplier relationship in E-axle market
- 5 key predictions for next 5 years
- Unmet needs and opportunity for new suppliers