GLOBAL AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MARKET
Transmitting the engine power to the wheels is the primary job of the transmission built in an automobile. Automatic Transmission in particular makes life lot easier by automatically changing the gear ratios, unlike in a manual transmission where gear shifting was to be done manually by the driver. This ease of operation has been the major factor for the rise in the automatic transmission market globally. Various types of automated transmissions are
- Automatic Transmission
- Automated Manual Transmission
- Continuously Variable Transmission
- Dual Clutch Transmission
By Vehicle Type
- Passenger Cars
- Commercial Vehicles
By Fuel Type
By Transmission Type
- Automated Manual
- Dual Clutch
The demand for automatic transmission vehicles has been growing in Europe ,China and India over the years due to change in consumer behavior particularly in bigger cities. 6-speed and 8-speed automatic transmission are becoming popular. Ford and GM have also introduced 10 speed automatic transmission. The below chart depict the global automatic transmission penetration globally.
MARKET BASED ON THE TYPE
Automatic Manual Transmission (AMT) a type of transmission with conventional gearbox and an electronically controlled clutch and gear actuators. These are expected to phase out soon as they tend to cause jerky vibrations under high throttle. Continuous Variable Transmission (CVT) is the most widely used type of automatic transmission by Japanese OEMs due to its smooth gear shifting and increased fuel efficiency.
DCT (Dual Clutch Transmission) is found in premium cars and is rated the best among driving enthusiasts. DCTs have dual clutch technology where one clutch pack helps in disengaging and other to engage thus, eliminating the slip found in others. However, complex setup and high cost has hindered its growth of late.
US AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MARKET
US is the largest automatic transmission market in the world. The primary reason for this is to cover huge distances it is easy to commute in an automatic transmission vehicle. Every top selling US car is equipped with automatic transmission and come as a variant along with the manual one. AT or torque converter automatic transmission is the most commonly used transmission employed in these top selling vehicles. Automatic Transmission is mostly used in Commercial vehicles due to their low maintenance cost and high fuel efficiency.
EUROPE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MARKET
All the top selling passenger vehicles are launched with automatic transmission variant. Some of the premium cars like Mercedes A-class and high end Volkswagen Golf cars come with DCT and DSG transmission variant. Stricter emission norms have been influencing the transmission market positively in recent times.
CHINA AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MARKET
China is the largest automobile market in the world right now is providing Automatic transmission for few of their top selling cars such as Haval H6, Toyota Corolla and Nissan Sylphy. Automatic market in China is expected to be the fastest growing market in the upcoming years.
INDIA AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MARKET
Automatic Transmission was a late entry into the Indian market. AMT type has been the most commonly found in the entry level affordable cars. DCT was limited to premium cars only. CVT is getting popular in top selling cars and DCT is expected penetrate more in the Indian market.
MARKET SIZE AND FORECAST
The major factor driving the automatic transmission market is emergence of production of light weight passenger cars. Also the rise in EVs across the globe has propelled the automatic transmission market but almost all of them have just one reduction gear as compared to 6-8 in ICE vehicles.
Worsening conditions of road, advancement in technology, rising demand for fuel efficient cars will propel the automatic transmission sector globally.
The sale of high end SUVs and premium cars will boost the automatic transmission market.
RECENT PARTNERSHIP IN AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION SECTOR
- ZF Group to supply 8 speed automatic transmissions to Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) for RWD and AWD vehicles.
- Hyundai and Kia have announced the development of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) connected automatic transmission system.
- ZF to manufacture an enhanced 8 speed automatic transmissions for BMW’s hybrid cars.
- Honda has filed a patent for transmission system with 11 gears and 3 clutches. It has been designed to improve efficiency while decreasing the loss of torque.
The key players in the automatic transmission sector are ZF Friedrichshafen AG (Germany), Eaton Corporation (Ireland), Aisin Seiki Co, Ltd (Japan), Allison Transmission (U.S), Jatco Corporation (Japan), BorgWarner Inc (U.S) and Schaeffler AG (Germany). Manufacturers are focusing on providing cost-effective solution without compromising the performance of the vehicle.