EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET
- In 2020, EV sales grew in Europe by ~137% to 1.4 Million units, highest worldwide
- BEVs comprised ~55% of total EV sales in 2020, compared to 60% in 2019.As of Jan 2021, 26 BEV models are available for sale in Europe, as compared to 231 in China and 28 in US.
- Total deployed capacity in terms of Li-ion batteries across EVs (including commercial vehicles) was 40 GWh in 2020
- HEVs( Non-plugin) are the fastest growing segment, accounting for ~1.1 Million units in 2020, growing at a 80% rate YoY. Toyota has more than 65% market share of this segment
- H2 infrastructure development and promotion by the EU legislators is comparatively behind China, Japan and South Korea
- The combination of new attractive models, incentive boosts by green recovery funds, the 95g CO2 mandate, much improved availability and intense promotion of EVs has all contributed to the acceleration of the EV sales in Europe
- Kia plans to introduce a total of 11 new EVs including seven dedicated EVs by 2026.
- VW EV deliveries increased by 2 fold in 2020 compared to the deliveries in 2019.
- TESLA vehicle sales in the 3rd quarter of 2021 has reached a range of almost 250,000 deliveries. TESLA led the BEV takeover in Europe in September.
- In western Europe, the Volkswagen group delivered 2,198,964 vehicles to the customers in the first nine months of the year in the overall market. Due to earnings-related factors the Automotive Divisions of VW Group net cash flow up by €5.8 billion to €7.2 billion
To know more about Global Electric Car Market, read our report
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DYNAMICS
|1||Jan 2022||Amar Raja||Battery major Amara Raja Group has invested Euro 10 million in Norway-based EV tech and batteries maker INOBat Auto.|
|2||Jan 2022||Nissan||Nissan will invest 2 trillion yen ($17.6 billion) over the next five years developing new EVs. It aims to release 15 new EVs total by 2030.|
|3||Jan 2022||Toyota||By 2030, Toyota plans to invest 4 trillion yen ($35 billion) in the development of a full range of 30 battery-powered electric vehicles. |
By 2030, it wants to sell 3.5 million battery electric vehicles worldwide.
Upcoming 95gm Co2/km fleet average limit, WLTP emission and fast charging network expansion across Europe will address range anxiety and boost EV uptake.
Germany, where the tax on PHEV company cars is half that of conventional cars(valid for <40,000 Euros sticker price) after new rule in Sep 2019, and France now has a steep CO2-based taxation will boost PHEV sales.
Audi, PSA, BMW and Mercedes have a strong line-up of PHEVs in pipeline (more than 20 PHEVs in 2019-2022), to be manufactured post Q2-2020 to meet the 2021 95gm/km CO2 regulation.
Post Covid, to improve the automobile market, various subsidies were introduced which boosted the overall EV sales in Europe allowing them to beat China and become the market leader for EV sales in 2020.
The sale of electric vehicles (EV) in Europe has overtaken that of diesel automobiles for the first time ever.
More than a of vehicles sold in European markets, including the UK, were electric, while diesel automobiles fell to less.
The number of battery electric vehicles sold in Western Europe reached an all-time high.
Europe has always had a number of prominent companies in the petrol and diesel automobile industries, but today’s revelation should spur EU automakers to improve their EV credentials even further.
With incentives, infrastructure, and charging stations, there has been a clear focus on the demand side; nevertheless, far more attention should be paid to the supply side, notably ensuring that the EU is not reliant on China for energy.
Towards An All-Electric Future In Europe, Ford Makes Risking Steps. Ford today announced important steps towards an all-electric future in Europe, which will alter the company and enable it to launch a new generation of seven fully-connected, all-electric passenger cars and vans.
The company recently revealed that a new worldwide business unit called Ford Model e had been established.
This organization is responsible for the design, manufacturing, and distribution of electric and connected vehicles. Today’s statement adds to that information.
The future of Ford in Europe will be determined by these two business areas and Ford Pro, the division devoted to the company’s commercial vehicle industry.
They are excited to see how quickly things are changing in Europe and are pushing their entire sector to create vehicles that are more advanced, greener, and digital.
Ford has created Ford Model e to enable them to move at the speed of a start-up to build electric vehicles that delight and offer connected services exclusive to Ford, are built with Ford-grade engineering, and that are safe.
Ford is all-in and moving quickly to meet the demand in Europe and around the world.Ford anticipates that its yearly sales of electric vehicles in Europe will surpass 600,000 units thanks to its expanded lineup of electric passenger and commercial vehicle models.
With the addition of a second electric vehicle to the Cologne manufacturing lineup, Ford will start producing an all-new electric passenger vehicle that is a medium-sized crossover. Additionally, a Craiova, Romania-made electric version of Ford’s best-selling passenger vehicle in Europe, the Ford Puma, will be offered.
TOP SELLING EV MODELS IN EUROPE FROM JAN-SEP 2021
|Sl No||Manufacturer||Model||Jan Sep 2021 Sales Volume|
In September 2021, the Tesla Model 3 was the top selling model with 24,952 registrations. Next to that, Tesla Model Y recorded the most number of sales 9496 in September 2021.
The Volkswagen ID 3 was the second most sold car, recording over 53,000 registrations so far. The Renault Zoe has also reached many customers and noted over 45,000 bookings. At last, the Volkswagen ID 4 has about 38,000 registrations in the first nine months of 2021.
|Sl No||EV Manufacturer||Europe Region Revenue for first 9months in 2021 €(billion)||Europe Region Revenue for first 9 months in 2020 |
|Y-o-Y Change in %|
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SEGMENTATION
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SIZE AND FORECAST
|1||Jan 2022||Volkswagen||The Volkswagen Group and the Bosch Group have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to form Europe’s largest battery equipment solution provider.|
|IVECO and Nikola sign MoU with Hamburg Port Authority for Zero-Emission Class 8 Battery-Electric Trucks. |
|3||Jan 2022||Renault||The Renault Group, Valeo, and Valeo Siemens eAutomotive have signed a memorandum of understanding to build a strategic cooperation for the design, co-development, and production in France of a new-generation automobile electric motor that does not utilise rare earths.|
Europe electric vehicle market was estimated at $35 Billion in 2020. With more than 35 EVs (BEV+ PHEV) in pieline, the market volume could grow up-to 1.5 Million or 10% of new car sales by 2025.
Europe has replaced China as the driver of EV growth. EV sales in Europe have outpaced NEV sales in China and is further ahead in terms of EV share: BEVs+PHEVs increased to 10.2 % in 2020.
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SHARE- 2020
Renault Zoe was the market leader followed by Tesla Model 3 and Volkswagen I.D 3. 68% of the market share was held by 7 OEMs in Europe.
ELECTRIC VAN MARKET IN EUROPE
The access restriction by major European cities like London, Madrid to allow only plug-in vehicles to ply in city centers is a major growth driver for electric van market.
Most of the electric vans will be available with two battery sizes (50-55/70-80 kWh) and are expected to deliver range of 200 and 300 kilometers respectively as per the new WLTP cycle.
In UK, which accounts for 15% of Europe van market, sales of electric vans grew to ~3,200 units in 2019, just 1% of the total light van market. The top selling electric vans were Nissan NV200, Renault Kangoo (including Kangoo Maxi), Peugeot Partner and LDV V80.
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE
- Netherlands(26%), Germany(19%), France(17% and the UK(13%) – account for 63% of all public EV charging points in the EU as of Jan 2021.
- About 6,800 DC Fast chargers are operational as of Jan 2020. Tesla has more than 70% market share and more than 52% of them are in just 4 countries i.e. Norway(15%), France(13%), Germany(12%) and UK(11%). To know more about DC fast charger market, read our report
RECENT TRENDS IN THE EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET
- KIA ties the new push back to the “Bold for Nature” design behind the concept EV9, which will be introduced on the LA auto show on November 17.
- KIA EV6 wins category ‘Premium’ and ranked second in ‘New Energy’ for vehicles powered solely by batteries or hydrogen.
- There will be three more Gigafactories of Volkswagen group in the countries like Sweden, Germany and in Spain.
- Last month, the total number of new passenger plug-in electric car registrations increased 42% YoY to 227,238, which is one of the best monthly results ever.
- The Car market share in Europe has grown by 12.7% and the market share of Volkswagen has increased to 10.4%.
- The MG Marvel R Electric flagship electric SUV has gone on sale in selected European countries but not in the UK yet.
- Bridgestone announced a partnership with EV charging station provider EV Box. Together with European mobility service provider TSG, The companies are working to expand Europe’s EV charging infrastructure over the next five years.
- Italy’s EV market keeps growing in Quarter 3 of 2021. The sale in 2020 was about 35,000 units and in 2021 it has increased to almost 50,000 units.
- In June,the Renault brand increased its all-electric car sales to 13,004 globally, which is 6% more than a year ago and the second-best monthly result ever.
- NIO announced that it has received European Whole Vehicle Type Approval(ECWVTA) for the NIO ES8 all electric SUV, which was an essential foundation for NIO’s entry into the European market at large.
- In Germany, Tesla has officially submitted the amended application documents to include battery production at GigaBerlin near Berlin.
- Hyundai and Uber announced a strategic partnership related to electric cars in Europe, with a goal to increase adoption of EVs and expand the charging infrastructure in major cities.
COVID IMPACT ON EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET
The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the growth as the region went through strict lockdown for a long period in 2020.
But the enactment of stringent emission standards across the country and upcoming launches by manufacturers drove more electric vehicle sales during the forecast period along with the gradual opening of economies with the hopes that demand is returning to the market.
Boosted by increasing industry investments and national support measures to stimulate demand during the COVID crisis, the market share of electrically-chargeable cars grew strongly.
With the right policy support, including a massive ramp-up of charging and refuelling infrastructure for alternative fuels across all EU member states decarbonisation, together with digitalisation, is changing the nature of technologies that go into vehicles.
The government and the concerned authorities and the industrialists in the region are focused on building strategy to provide access to the supplies and raw materials which are necessary for state-of-the-art vehicles.
By 2024, Ford wants to debut three new electric passenger vehicles in Europe, with the goal of selling over 600,000 electric vehicles in the region by 2026.
Ford will start producing an all-new electric passenger vehicle in Cologne, a medium-sized crossover, with a second electric vehicle joining the Cologne production line-up in 2024.
Furthermore, starting in 2024, Ford’s best-selling passenger vehicle in Europe, the Ford Puma, will be available in an electric version built in Craiova, Romania.
Ford also confirmed that the first mass-market all-electric passenger vehicle to emerge from the Ford Cologne Electrification Centre will be a five-seat, medium-sized crossover.
Toyota, a Japanese automaker, has outlined a more aggressive electrification strategy for Europe that will see the bZ4X joined by five other all-electric models. With these BEV options, Toyota hopes to meet its sales target and become carbon neutral faster.
The Toyota bZ4X, the first in the automaker’s new “bZ” line of BEVs, is a fully electric vehicle. The bZ4X is still back on the market, and a new bZ concept that made its debut at the LA Auto Show has since joined it.
Toyota teased five new “bZ” models, including a smaller car/SUV next year, as part of its much more proactive EV strategy (at least for Europe).
Hyundai, a South Korean automaker, is getting closer to entering the lower end of the EV market and may soon offer two small, compact EVs.
Hyundai has always needed a cost-effective compact EV to compete with similar vehicles planned by European heavyweights like Volkswagen Group, which is preparing to introduce small, affordable EVs through its Cupra, Skoda, and Volkswagen brands.
This is true even today. In addition to the current Ioniq 5 compact crossover and the recently unveiled Ioniq 6 sedan, which is scheduled to arrive in Europe by the end of the year, Hyundai is aiming to launch an additional 11 fully electric vehicles in Europe.
NEW PRODUCT LAUNCH
In Europe, BYD launched two new fully electric vehicles. Following the introduction of the BYD ATTO 3 (C-segment SUV), BYD HAN (E-segment sedan), and BYD TANG (E-segment SUV) in Europe, the BYD DOLPHIN and BYD SEAL are the following full-electric vehicles to be introduced in Europe.
With high levels of practicality, efficiency, accessibility, and a comforting range, the BYD DOLPHIN is a quick and adaptable C-segment hatchback. The BYD SEAL is a D-segment sedan that is highly stylized, sporty, and dynamic and is outfitted with cutting-edge technology.
The BYD DOLPHIN and BYD SEAL are the first Ocean series models in Europe to use the “Ocean Aesthetics” design philosophy. Both of the new electric cars are constructed on the cutting-edge BYD e-Platform 3.0.
A 60 kW Lithium Iron Phosphate BYD Blade Battery is a feature of the front-wheel drive DOLPHIN. The BYD SEAL has an 82 kWh Blade Battery and comes in both an all-wheel drive and rear-wheel drive configuration.
The BYD DOLPHIN utilises Cell-to-Pack (CTP) technology, whilst the BYD SEAL takes advantage of Cell-to-Body (CTB) technology that has advanced. This implies that the battery is included into the body floor, resulting in a sandwich-like construction that includes the Blade Battery and the tray.
The advantage of this cutting-edge CTB technology is that the vehicle’s body is lower for improved aerodynamics while enhancing body rigidity for enhanced safety, with a design that enables more passenger room due to reduced battery pack capacity.
The BYD SEAL (AWD) is also equipped with an 8-in-1 electric powertrain with dual motors that provide a combined 230/390 kW or 313/531 PS. Beginning in September, the BYD SEAL will be visible at BYD stores across Europe.
With an 82 kWh battery, the sporty D-segment sedan will be available for purchase, with a WLTP-range of 520 km for the all-wheel-drive configuration and 570 km for the rear-wheel-drive model.
The BYD DOLPHIN is positioned in the centre of the C-segment and provides European consumers with a practical and accessible full-electric vehicle, while the BYD SEAL is a sporty, high-tech vehicle with unexpectedly practical features.
Stellantis launched the first reasonably priced electric vehicle it has ever produced in Europe. The new Citroen e-C3 model, according to Citroen, will be able to “fast charge” in 57 minutes and have a 320-kilometre range.
Pre-bookings should be available before the end of the year, and delivery should begin in the second quarter, according to the business.
The European automaker Stellantis announced last month that it would expand its lineup with nine new battery electric vehicles this year as it seeks to further penetrate the lucrative sector, which is now dominated by Chinese producers. In all, 47 battery electric vehicles are what the business wants to sell.
Volkswagen has agreed to provide the EV architecture for a second Ford model for the European market, extending its partnership with Ford Motor on electric vehicles.
The development of e-mobility in Europe will now depend heavily on profitability and rapidity.
The Shanghai-based personal mobility company Aiways is working with PUMP, the maker of one of the most popular EV charge planning apps in Europe, to improve the usability of its all-electric U5 SUV.
This is Aiways’ first strategic relationship in terms of automotive data, and it will enhance the cutting-edge products’ appeal to customers who value cutting-edge technology.
Customers of Aiways will be able to use the PUMP app on their smartphone and in their vehicle to pre-plan trips and check specific details about the charge stations along their route, such as availability, precise position, supplier details, daily usage patterns, and charging speed.
By revealing the first charger in Dusseldorf, Germany, Volkswagen and bp officially announced their strategic cooperation today, which will accelerate the adoption of electric cars (EVs) throughout Europe.
Volkswagen’s ground-breaking Flex pole 150kW charging units, each of which has two charge points, have an integrated battery storage technology that gets around the need for high-powered grid connections, one of the major challenges to the quick roll-out of fast charging infrastructure in Europe today.
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
The European Market is divided across multiple OEMs and have a healthy competition. Tesla sells only BEVs whereas BMW`s lineup is completey comprised of PHEVs except BMW i3 and Mini Electric.
Renault- Nissan- Mitsubishi alliance have 3 best-sellers and account for 15% market share. Tesla Model 3 was one of the most popular BEV in 2019 and 2020.
VW brand which has 12% market share of new car sales in Europe is so far lagging behind in EV development, but it has received good response to its upcoming ID3 all-electric hatchback. New models based on the MEB platform will be hitting the market and it’ll include vans, crossovers etc.
Volvo had a 25% of their sales under electrified and plans to increase the percentage in the coming years. PSA group also launched multiple plugged in vehicles and also saw a great response from the market.
Due to the increased sales in 2020, OEMs are expecting better sales in the coming years and the government supports electrification through EuroNCAP.
Unlike China, where more than 400 EV startups are functional due to conducive government incentives and policies( till H2 2019), Europe is home to less than 5 EV startups.
EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET COMPANY PROFILES
ELECTRIC CAR MANUFACTURERS
- VW Group
- BMW Group
- Tesla Motors
- PSA Group
- Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance
- Hyundai- KIA Motors
- Sono Motors
- StreetScooter GmbH
THIS EUROPE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET REPORT WILL ANSWER FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
- Europe Electric Vehicle Market size and Forecast, by region, by application
- Average B-2-B price for Europe Electric Vehicle Market, by region, per user
- Technology trends and related opportunity for new Europe Electric Vehicle Market tech suppliers
- Europe Electric Vehicle Market share of leading vendors, by region,
- Coronavirus impact on Europe Electric Vehicle Market earnings